Governor Nelson Dewey includes a medical school in the newly created University of Wisconsin.
With the hiring of Charles Bardeen, the university acknowledges the need to incorporate more human-related studies of anatomy and physiology in the pre-medical biology program. Bardeen teaches anatomy, creates an anatomy department and conducts wide-ranging correspondences with medical educators and state boards of examiners across the country.
The genesis of the Wisconsin Idea is often attributed to former UW President Charles Van Hise, who in a 1905 address declared:
I shall never be content until the beneficent influence of the University reaches every family of the state.
The two-year College of Medicine, consisting of the departments of anatomy, physiology, physiological chemistry and bacteriology and hygiene, is created; Bardeen is appointed dean. Classes are held in the in the attic of historic Science Hall and the old Chemical Engineering building.
In response to the typhoid epidemic and to encourage the development of clinical services in Madison, Bardeen creates the Department of Clinical Medicine (Student Health Service). Other small hospitals on campus follow.
Dr. Frederick Allison Davis (F.A. Davis) is invited to Madison to join the future Davis and Duehr Eye Clinic in Madison, originally started by Dr. Corydon Greenwood Dwight.
Surgical subspecialties (plastic surgery and orthopedics) are instituted at UW. Ophthalmology lives in the Surgery Department from now until 1970.
The first eye pathology lab established at UW. (Image: Original hospital building with McArdie addition built in 1939)
The school expands its curriculum to a four-year program after Wisconsin General Hospital opens in 1924. The UW Medical School becomes the nation’s first to establish statewide teaching sites. The “Wisconsin Preceptorial Plan,” which places students under the tutelage of physicians in Madison and across the state, begins “something new in medical education.”
Dr. Frederick Allison Davis accepts the Professorship and Chairmanship of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat (EENT) and Plastic, a division of the Department of Surgery.
DR. FREDERICK A. DAVIS
Dr. Frederick A. Davis
Texas-born Frederick Allison Davis, MD, the Department’s first professor and Chair, originally graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School in 1909. He then completed his residency at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary and his postdoctoral training at Harvard, Pennsylvania and in London and Vienna. He led the Department until 1954. In the early years of his tenure, the EENT/Plastics service offered two-year residencies. When the Plastic Surgery program separated and joined the Department of Surgery in 1935, the EENT service extended the residency to three years.
During those 29 years as Chair, he also developed a busy clinical practice (Davis, Neff and Duehr), published scientific articles (including his timeless paper on direct ophthalmoscopy), established Ophthalmic Pathology as part of the service, trained his successor and partner Peter A. Duehr (1932), married Edith Swenson, and fathered two daughters and two ophthalmologist sons, Frederick J. (Jeff) and Matthew D. (Dinny) Davis.
Dr. Duehr once marveled at Dr. Davis’s leadership by stating, “…he did some fine research (mainly concerning hereditary eye diseases and improved techniques of cataract surgery) while practicing and teaching. I don’t know how he found time to do it, particularly without benefit of funding and with the help of only a part-time technician.”
Lions Clubs International features Helen Keller as the guest speaker. Through her interpreter, Helen Keller challenged the Lions to constitute themselves as “Knights of the Blind” in a crusade against blindness. As a result, Lions Clubs International sponsors thousands of programs for the blind and visually impaired around the world each year.
Dr. Dwight retires, leaving the clinic in Dr. F.A. Davis’s capable hands. Dr. Eugene E. Neff, like Davis, also completed his ophthalmology training at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary and moved to Madison in 1924. He joins Dr. F.A. Davis in private practice – renamed Davis and Neff Eye Clinic. Together they run the EENT service of the University Residency Program on a part-time basis. Every three months they alternate running the service, until the untimely death of Dr. Neff in 1949. The two were wonderful teachers who insisted upon excellence in every regard.
Nineteen men and six women become the first graduates of the University of Wisconsin Medical School’s four-year program.
Service Memorial Institute, abutting Wisconsin General Hospital, opens, serving as the School’s academic home. Scientific and clinical staff now work together collaboratively.
Frederic Mohs develops a surgical technique to remove external tumors, such as mouth, lip and skin cancers, while sparing normal tissue.
Dr. Peter Alexander Duehr completes his 2-year residency in EENT and Plastics and then joins the Davis and Neff Clinic and University staff.
DR. PETER A. DUEHR
Dr. Peter Duehr completed his two year combined residency at UW and joined the Davis and Neff Clinic in 1934 as both a part-time clinical faculty member and a practicing ophthalmologist. He rose through the ranks, eventually becoming a clinical professor, and succeeded F.A. Davis as chair of the division in 1954. Surprisingly, it was not until 1961-62 that he was granted full faculty status; Duehr served as chairman until 1970 when ophthalmology was recognized as a department. He became an emeritus professor in 1973 and retired from practice in 1978 at 88 years old.
Duehr was a complete physician and an astute diagnostician who missed little on clinical examination. He had a memory for unusual cases he had seen in the past, but was an attentive physician endeared to all his patients. He was a gifted surgeon and an outstanding teacher who taught by example. Duehr, with the help of Dr. Matthew D. Davis, encouraged graduates of the residency program to pursue fellowship training in various subspecialties and return to Madison and take minimally paid part time positions in the division to enhance its quality. Hence, he inaugurated the era of specialization by adding services directed by a fellowship-trained retina specialist in 1956, followed by Glaucoma (1960), Neuro-ophthalmology (1961), and Oculoplastics (1968).
Dr. Ralph Stevens is the first EENT resident to graduate from the newly established 3-year program.
Ophthalmology formally separated from EENT at the University of Wisconsin Medical School.
Shortly after WWII, Dr. Dwain Mings became Dr. Neff’s first 5-year preceptor at the Davis and Neff Clinic. During this preceptorship and several decades thereafter, he was heavily involved with the residency program of the University of Wisconsin Ophthalmology Service as a clinical instructor.
Dr. George Kambara completes his 2-year residency.
DR. GEORGE KAMBARA
George K. Kambara, MD, completed his residency in ophthalmology here in 1946. Although he graduated from Stanford Medical School in 1941, as an American-born Japanese (Nisei) he was caught up in anti-Japanese sentiment after Pearl Harbor and sent to the Tule Lake Relocation Camp (internment camp) in California.
There, he developed an eye, ear, nose and throat clinic until he was able to obtain a paid residency at the Memphis Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital. His interest in ophthalmology grew as he realized he would need more training to pass the American Board of Ophthalmology exam and wanted to leave the segregated South. Fortunately, with the help of Frederick A. Davis, MD, chair of the Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Kambara was able to complete his ophthalmology residency at Wisconsin, where he remained as a full-time instructor until 1948.
While he was very fond of Wisconsin, he ultimately returned to the Los Angeles area, where he set up a private practice in Japantown and continued to see patients, even after becoming a faculty member at the University of California Medical School. His endowment gift provides the funding for our vision science symposia.
Dr. George Corcoran was the first graduate of the 3-year program in Ophthalmology, followed 6-months later by Dr. Levon Yasugian. Both doctors had active practices throughout their careers.
Dr. Peter Duehr becomes junior partner of Davis and (Neff) Duehr Clinic after Dr. Neff suffers a heart attack.
Dr. Frederick J. Davis joins his father at the Davis and Duehr Eye Clinic after completing his residency in New York
Dr. Frederick A. Davis retires. Dr. Peter A. Duehr, beloved clinician and teacher, becomes the second Chair of the Eye Service.
Dr. Frederick J. Davis is stationed at Camp Pendleton, CA, and serves as Chief of Ophthalmology for the Naval Hospital until 1956. Upon his return to Madison, he is one of the first to practice ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery in Wisconsin as a specialty.
Alice R. McPherson, MD, graduates as the first female resident from the program.
Dr. Matthew D. Davis completes his residency.
Retina service specialization added as the first of several new sub-specialty training programs.
Dr. Guillermo de Venecia completes his residency at UW.
DR. GUILLERMO DE VENECIA
After completing his residency, Dr. de Venecia received additional ophthalmologic pathology training at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and in neuro-ophthalmology and glaucoma in Miami and Boston, respectively. He returned to UW and became the division’s first subspecialty-trained, full-time clinician. His contributions were vital in the training of residents and students.
De Venecia frequently traveled to his native Philippines, where he established the Free Rural Eye Clinic to provide cataract surgery and other ophthalmologic care to indigent patients.
Glaucoma service added as a sub-specialty training program.
Full time faculty recruitment began with the appointment of Ronald Engerman, PhD. Dr. Engerman initiated basic research in a one-room lab in the ophthalmology service, where he namely studied retinal vascular pathology, which later complemented the first major clinical research on the natural course of diabetic retinopathy by Professor Matthew D. Davis.
Davis and Engerman also begin competing for extramural research funds, a tradition that continues to this day, that place the department in the upper 10% of annual National Eye Institute research funding.
Dr. Duehr forges an affiliation with the Veterans Affairs Hospital with Drs. Fred Blum and Donald Peterson who were in private practice in Madison. This lasting partnership continues to support and enrich the UW-Madison’s Ophthalmology residency. Another seminal development occurred during Dr. Duehr’s tenure: the recruitment of full-time university PhD researchers in retinal vascular pathology. The collaboration and exchange of ideas between talented scientists and experienced Retina clinicians – this would have a huge impact on defining the commitment of the fledgling department to grow into one of the nation’s leading centers for research on eye disease.
Neuro-ophthalmology service added as a sub-specialty training program.
The residency program grew from training one resident a year to two. On his own initiative, Dr. William Siebold completes his comprehensive eye residency through the VA Hospital and performed the first intraocular surgery there by a resident.
The residency program grew from training two residents a year to three. Dr. James C. Allen took on the direction of the Veterans Affairs (VA) Hospital partnership from 1967 to 2000. Under Dr. Allen’s stewardship the VA Hospital became one of the Department’s principal resources for residency training.
Oculoplastics service added as a sub-specialty training program and Dr. Richard K. Dortzbach returns to Madison after fellowship at the Eye Foundation Hospital in Birmingham, AL to head this area with the guidance of Frederick J. Davis.
In this same year, the program grew from two residents to three per year.
Dr. Matthew D. Davis leads as full-time Chairman of the Section of Ophthalmology and is instrumental in elevating the Ophthalmology Service to department status.
The Eye Bank of Wisconsin in Madison is established by Dr. Guillermo de Venecia, in conjunction with the Wisconsin Lions and Milwaukee Eye Bank, to provide ocular tissue for transplants to the people of Wisconsin.
DR. MATTHEW DINSDALE DAVIS
Dr. Davis’s major and enduring contributions to ophthalmology are pioneering collaborative multi-centered clinical trials and establishing the first ophthalmic photographic reading center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He demonstrated how clinical research should be conducted with discipline and rigor to ensure that the data collected are unbiased, accurate and reproducible.
Just as the National Eye Institute (NEI) was being formed, Dr. Davis chaired the groundbreaking Diabetic Retinopathy Study (DRS) which began in 1971. The results of this seminal study established scatter laser photocoagulation (panretinal photocoagulation) as the standard therapy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy, eventually reducing the risk of severe vision loss from proliferative diabetic retinopathy by as much as 95%. This major randomized controlled clinical trial, which was the first to be sponsored by the NEI, became the template for the conduct of future eye trials.
From the DRS to a number of NEI-supported clinical trials, Dr. Davis applied his usual intellectual rigor at the reading center to establish the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) Classification of diabetic retinopathy severity, a true gold standard that continues to be used decades later in trials of diabetic retinopathy. Similarly, Dr. Davis established the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) Classifications of age-related macular degeneration and lens opacities that have also been considered gold standards for studies of age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Dr. Davis has also inspired a number of medical students and other trainees to pursue careers as clinician-scientists, participating in the multiple facets of clinical trials.
As a native of Madison, Wisconsin, Dr. Davis attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison for his undergraduate degree and obtained his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He returned to Madison where he completed his ophthalmology residency. His training was interrupted by two years of active duty for the US Naval Reserve. Following the completion of his residency, he received training at the Retina Service at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. Dr. Davis then returned to Madison, Wisconsin where he quickly rose through the ranks to become the Professor and Chair of the Department of Ophthalmology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1970 to 1986 – during his tenure, the department gained full independent status, expanded residency to accommodate four trainees each year, and added nine more clinical faculty and two basic science researchers. Since 1996, Dr. Davis is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences University of Wisconsin Medical School-Madison and can still be found at the Fundus Photograph Reading Center most weeks, pursuing his passion.
Dr. Davis has published over 270 papers and book chapters. He has garnered numerous medals and awards in ophthalmology and medicine, including the Mildred Weisenfeld Award from the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Award of Merit in Retina Research from the Retina Research Foundation, the Arnall Patz Medal from the Macula Society, the Alcon Research Institute Award, the Howe Medal from the American Ophthalmological Society, and the Castle Connolly National Physician of the Year Award.
Dr. Matthew Davis was most recently honored as the 2016 Academy Laureate at the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Annual Meeting for his seminal contributions to Ophthalmology including the establishment of gold standards for conducting clinical studies that have had major public health impact on the leading causes of blindness.
The Department of Ophthalmology is established as a standalone department within the UW Medical School.
The National Eye Institute launches the Diabetic Retinopathy Study, the first nationwide collaborative clinical trial, to investigate treatment of diabetic retinopathy by photocoagulation.
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY STUDY
Matthew D. Davis led this study because of his experience in evaluating the natural course of the disease. The study provided conclusive evidence that laser photocoagulation reduces the risk of blindness by more than 50 percent in eyes with moderately severe retinopathy; this treatment is now being used throughout the world. He and Professors of Ophthalmology Frank Meyers and George Bresnick also played leading roles in two subsequent NEI-sponsored collaborative trials evaluating treatment at earlier and later stages of retinopathy.
Dr. Peter A. Duehr retires.
de Venecia Establishes Free Rural Eye Clinic
Dr. Guillermo de Venecia and his wife, nurse Marta de DeVenecia establishes the Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC) in the Philippines to provide cataract surgery and other ophthalmologic care to indigent patients. Notably, Dr. de Venecia is famous for his establishment of The Eye Bank of Wisconsin in Madison, in conjunction with the Wisconsin Lions and Milwaukee Eye Bank, to provide ocular tissue for transplants to the people of Wisconsin.
Professors Barbara and Ronald Klein begin their large-scale epidemiological study with the cooperation of 452 physicians in southwestern Wisconsin. The Kleins started with a van equipped as an eye clinic to examine diabetic patients and take retinal photos. The sample set consists of 2,370 of the 10,000 diabetic patients receiving care in an 11 county area of southwestern Wisconsin.
Dr. Peter A. Duehr receives the Wisconsin Medical Alumni Association’s 21st Emeritus Faculty Award in recognition of his long and outstanding service to the department.
Chandra Establishes Combat Blindness Foundation
Dr. Suresh R. Chandra, establishes the Combat Blindness Foundation to end preventable blindness all over the world, namely through basic cataract surgery.
The “follow up phase” of the Klein’s epidemiological study begins – they continue to track the duration of diabetes, frequency of retinopathy and other genetic factors.
Dr. Suresh Chandra establishes the Combat Blindness Foundation after a teaching trip to India to end preventable blindness all over the world, namely through basic cataract surgery.
Hermundstad Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Orin Hermundstad travels periodically over the next 7 years to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Klein Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Barbara Klein travels to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Ehrhardts travel to the Philippines
Dr. Alan Ehrhardt and wife Ramona participate in 6 medical missions between 1988-1989 to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Dr. Matthew D. Davis receives the Award of Merit from the Retina and Macula Societies to acknowledge his outstanding contribution to national clinical studies of diabetic retinopathy.
Dr. Chandler leads the charge, with the support and assistance of Dr. Davis, for the Department to double its clinical outpatient facilities at University Station Clinic, and commences an ambitious building program to add more than 8,000 square feet of research space for Ophthalmology, a project completely supported with outside funding. This research space paved the way to recruit basic science faculty in Cell and Molecular Biology.
AAO honors the Department with a Distinguished Service Award to recognize the program’s valuable contributions to medicine by training many excellent ophthalmologists in art, science and ethics.
Dr. George Bresnick, a 20-year member of the department’s retina service, assumes the position of acting Chairman of Ophthalmology, as Dr. Chandler moves to Chicago to head the University of Illinois program. Bresnick immediately instituted an innovative approach to improve the efficiency of his administration by appointing Vice Chairs to cover the three major responsibilities of academic ophthalmology – Dr. Thomas Stevens (Clinical Affairs), Dr. Todd Perkins (Education) and Dr. Curtis Brandt (Research).
Dr. Paul Kaufman pushes to change the department’s name to the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences to codify its research mission.
Dr. Daniel M. Albert, an internationally recognized ophthalmic pathologist, becomes the first chair without previous ties to Wisconsin or the University.
Dr. Albert successfully completes the research building initiative started by Dr. Chandler by opening the Ophthalmology Research Wing of the Clinical Sciences Center.
Dr. Fred Brightbill and Chris Murphy, DVM, PhD, put on the first annual Resident Phacoemulsification (Phaco) Course at UW-Madison with 12 future physician and veterinary ophthalmologists. This minimally invasive cataract removal technique breaks up the cataract with the use of a ultrasound at the tip of the phacoemulsification pen/handpiece. The only course of its kind in the country provides one-on-one surgical training and has an added benefit of enabling residents to experience the art and science behind both human and animal practice areas and pathology.
The department holds its first Vision for the Future conference where more than 150 community members discussed the clinical, research and educational initiatives with faculty.
The Laser Vision Center becomes the only center in the state offering two excimer lasers – the VISX and Chiron lasers – to treat patients with nearsightedness, astigmatism and other eye disorders. Drs. Frederick Brightbill and Neal Barney are certified to teach ophthalmologists throughout the nation on how to use the new VISX laser.
Ronald Klein, MD, PhD, receives the National Eye Education Program Outstanding Achievement Award presented by NEI – recognizing Klein’s role in helping to develop an education campaign about diabetes and glaucoma based on observations from studies that people with these diseases may not be receiving adequate eye care.
Meyers Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Frank Meyers travels periodically over the next 13 years to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Suresh R. Chandra, MD, receives the 1996 Humanitarian Service Award from the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Chandra received the award for his humanitarian and charitable missions to third world countries with his foundation, Combat Blindness International.
John W. Doolittle, MD, and his sister Helen, bequest a gift that allows the department to recruit Dr. Burton Kushner, a noted pediatric ophthalmologist and researcher, to join the department.
Alice McPherson, MD, president of McPherson Associates of Houston, TX and founder of the Retina Research Foundation, is presented an honorary Doctor of Science degree by the UW.
Bradley M. Lemke, MD and Richard K. Dortzbach ,MD, receive the 1996 Research Award from the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS) for their joint research paper the preceding year.
James C. Allen, MD, receives the Hands and Heart Award from the Secretary of Veterans Affairs for his work at the William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Administration Hospital in Madison.
Guillermo de Venecia, MD, gives up full-time employment at the UW to spend six months of the year in the Philippines working at the Free Rural Eye Clinics (FREC) he established in 1979, along with Marta de Venecia, RN, his wife and FREC’s treasurer, to help patients in his homeland see.
Four new ophthalmologists are welcomed to the department – Patricia C. Sabb, MD (comprehensive ophthalmologist and assistant professor), Mark J. Lucarelli, MD (assistant professor and oculoplastics surgeon , Barbara A. Blodi, MD, and Justin L. Gottlieb, MD (retinal specialists and assistant professors).
Three long-standing members of the department retire – Frank L. Myers, MD, Ingolf H.L. Wallow, MD and Richard K. Dortzbach, MD.
Paul L. Kaufman, MD, is elected president of The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) for 1998-99, the world’s preeminent vision research society.
The Retina Research Foundation of Houston, TX (founded by Alice R. McPherson) establishes two chairs in support of basic vitreoretinal research – the first Retina Research Foundation Alice R. McPherson chair is Curtis Brandt, PhD; the second is Dr. Arthur S. Polans, as the Walter H. Helmerich Chair.
Karen Cruickshanks, PhD, receives the Research to Prevent Blindness Lew R. Wasserman Merit Award for her studies of the epidemiology of age-related ocular disorders, hearing loss and diabetes through ongoing population-based studies.
UW Health East and West Eye Clinics open to provide more access to care to the growing community and better serve patients.
Julie Mares, PhD, receives the Lew R. Wasserman Merit Award from Research to Prevent Blindness.
The first Macular Degeneration: Progress In Sight Symposium (now called “Age-Related Macular Degeneration Saving Sight Symposium” and presented biannually), in partnership with the Wisconsin Council of the Blind and Visually Impaired, attracts over 500 people. The symposium provides information on advances in the study and care of age-related macular degeneration, as well as tools and resources for those with vision loss.
Dr. Matthew D. Davis steps down as Director of the Fundus Photograph Reading Center (FPRC), but continues conducting research. Dr. Ronald P. Danis, a recognized leader in conducting clinical trials at UW, assumes the direction of the FPRC.
Dr. James C. Allen retires from his practice at the William S. Middleton Veterans Hospital where he trained dozens of residents and helped countless patients across his almost four decades of service. He is then named as professor emeritus upon retirement and continued to be active in the department until his passing in 2011.
Andrew T. Thilveris, PhD, MD, completes his residency and fellowship training at UW-Madison and becomes Chief of Ophthalmology at the William S. Middleton Veterans Hospital and expands service with new equipment. M. Altwaweel, MD, (specializing in macular diseases and ocular melanoma) and Nader Sheibani, PhD, (actively researching angiogenesis) join the department.
Emeritus Professor Richard K. Dortzbach, MD, is honored with the Wendell Hughes Award at the American Academy of Ophthalmology, as selected by the American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.
Curtis R. Brandt, PhD, is awarded the Marjorie Margolin Prize from the Retina Research Foundation, honoring an individual that reaches a milestone in research or clearly established a line of research.
The first optometric continuing medical education (CME) program, Focus on Retina (now called Current Concepts), is presented by Drs. Altaweel, Blodi, Gottlieb, Ip and Stevens.
Wisconsin’s First Lady, Laurie McCallum, works with the department to raise awareness about glaucoma and discusses her experience with the disease.
The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) announces its results on the effects of vitamin and zinc therapy. UW-Madison was one of 11 sites across the country to see/evaluate patients, the Fundus Photograph Reading Center (FPRC) graded all the photographs taken at all the sites.
Curtis R. Brandt, PhD, receives the Lew R. Wasserman Merit Award to support his research on the genetics of the herpes simplex virus (HSV) ocular virulence.
Division of International Ophthalmology (DIO) Established
Division of International Ophthalmology (DIO) formulates based on the international work of Dr. Suresh Chandra and Dr. Guillermo de Venecia.
Dr. Albert steps down as Chair in 2002 and Thomas S. Stevens, MD, a Retina specialist who had served as Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs since 1990, becomes Interim Chair – serving in this position until 2004. During his tenure, and overlapping with the Chair who followed, the department actively recruited additional faculty in Pediatrics, Oculoplastics and Cornea.
Boush Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Andrew George Boush travels to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Dr. David Gamm, the first dedicated stem cell researcher, joins the department, connecting it with other stem cell pioneers at the University of Wisconsin.
Boush Returns to the Philippines
Dr. Andrew George Boush returns to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Dr. Paul L. Kaufman, a Glaucoma specialist and researcher who joined the Department in 1975, becomesChair after a national search. Dr. Kaufman makes the residency program his top priority during his tenure and successfully leads the effort of re-accreditation by the ACGME, twice.
Consistent with its outreach mission, the Department also establishes the Division of International Ophthalmology, teaming with the Combat Blindness Foundation to provide high quality eye care and education around the world, as well as international experience to its own faculty and residents.
The department ranks within the top-five institutions in the country in research funding from the National Eye Institute.
Koozekaniani Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Dara Koozekaniani travels to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
First Medical Students Travel to India
Dr. Suresh Chandra takes the first DOVS medical students to India.
Knoch Experiences the Philippines
Dr. Dan Knoch travels to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Congress passes the Dr. James Allen Veteran Vision Equity Act (H.R. 797), after seven years of tireless work by Dr. Allen and Congressional Representative Tammy Baldwin, to give veterans greater compensation if they lost vision in one eye during their service and later began to lose vision in the other eye. This was a key to providing the same benefits that veterans received when they lost a limb.
Ladinsky explores Vietnam
Associate Professor, Dr. Judith Ladinsky travels to Vietnam with ophthalmology supplies on behalf of DIO and Combat Blindness Foundation.
SAIVA Medical Students Travel to India
Dr. Chandra accompany medical students, representatives of Student Action for Indian Volunteerism and Aid (SAIVA) Tara Mehta, Sarita Mehta, Nathaniel Ark Chin and Rishi Wadhera to India.
Castrovinci Travels to the Philippines
Dr. Rob Castrovinci travels to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Resident Rotation in the Philippines
UW Residents Dr. Wanda Martinez and Dr. Jon Gunther travel to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
DIO surveys DOVS faculty international experiences. 22 providers responded indicating past and ongoing travel since 1969-2007 in over 30 countries for purposed of clinical, educational and research based participation.
Residents Experience the Philippines
UW Residents Dr. Josha Vrabeec and Dr. Jeffery Van Buren travel to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
DIO Establishes Partnership with Paraguay
DIO establishes partnership with Fundación Visión, a new cataract project in Paraguay, South America. This collaboration worked to develop clinical trials, identify medical issues and problems and to develop specific, mutually agreed upon programs in research and development led to the development of new technologies and applications to enhance medical diagnosis and therapy.
International Observer Visit by Dr. Kumar Thakur
DIO sponsors international observer, Dr. Sanjay Kumar Thakur of India.
Dr. Daniel Knoch receives the Resident Teaching Award, as selected by nine ophthalmology residents.
Kushner Welcomes Indian Fellow Dr. Sharma
Dr. Burton Kushner welcomes pediatric ophthalmologist, Dr. Manish Sharma for a short-term ICO fellowship.
Medical Students Complete Elective in India
UW Medical Students spend 4 weeks in India for an international health elective including Nick Frame, Chris Seabruck, Melanie Schmitt, and Chirantan Mukhopadhyay accompanied by Dr. Suresh Chandra.
” The personal stories of many shared while traveling to these small agrarian villages touched me deeply and I found hope in those people building a growing movement occurring in northern Indian eye care. It is a shift in philosophy from the all or nothing one-day eye camps, swooping in once a year stressing large volumes of cataract surgeries, to vision centers placed permanently within the communities that they serve. ” – SEEBRUCK
Residents Travel to the Philippines
Residents Dr. Amy Badger and Dr. Neha Shah travel to Manila, Philippines to work with Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
DIO receives an Educational Travel Grant from the University of Wisconsin Madison Center for Global Health to help support program development.
Duarte Visits from Paraguay
DIO sponsors visit from International Partner, Dr. Edgar Duarte of Fundación Visión, Paraguay.
International Videostreaming of Grand Rounds
DIO facilitates live videostreaming with partner, Aravind Eye Hospital in India of Grand Rounds. Presentation by DIO Visiting Professor, Dr. Alfred Sommer, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine & Public Health.
Dr. Naresh Visits from India
DIO sponsors visit from Dr. Babu Naresh of Aravind Eye Hospital in Madurai, India to work with research scientist Jim VerHoeve, PhD on an electrophysiology project.
DIO sponsors visit from partner, Edgar Duarte, MD of Fundación Visión, Asuncion, Paraguay. During the visit, Dr. Duarte, hosted by Christopher Croasdale, MD, of Davis Duehr Dean, together tackled the difficult case of a 4-year-old boy with congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy.
FPRC Welcomes Indian Engineer for Visit
The Fundus Photograph Reading Center (FPRC) welcomes M.K. Manavalan, a software engineer with an extensive background in the development of health care databases, image handling and enterprise-level clinical care platforms from Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India.
DIO conducted an alumni resident and fellow survey relative to international activities. As of May 10, 2010, 36 people responded out of 335, resulting in a response rate of 11%. Thirty of the 36 respondents had been involved in clinical (patient care) activities; three had done research, and eleven had participated in education. The dates of the international activities ranged from the late 1950’s to 2010 with engagement in over 34 countries.
Dr. David Gamm receives the Foundation Fighting Blindness Board of Directors Award for retinal degenerative disease research, in addition to being honored with the Retina Research Foundation/Kathryn and Latimer Murfee Chair.
Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) are implemented in the UW Health system after years of development and planning with Epic Systems.
Dr. Aparna Lakkaraju joins the department to further develop her retinal research, specifically in age-related macular degeneration at the cellular level.
Resident Seebruck Travels to Kenya
Resident, Dr. Chris Seebruck has an independent mission experience at the Lions SightFirst Eye Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. Dr. Seebruck engaged in direct patient care serving the medically undeserved people of Nairobi and the surround rural areas by conducting eye exams and screening under the guidance of skilled ophthalmologists in addition to other clinical activities including outreach programs and surgery.
Resident McAllister Travels to India
UW Medical Student, Angela R. McAllister visits Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Institute, New Delhi, India.
Medical Students Complete Elective in India
UW Medical Students spend 4 weeks in India for an international health elective including Evan Warner, Anjali Tannan, Jessica Schrieber, Angela McAllister accompanied by Dr. Suresh Chandra.
Medical Student Mantha Interns in India
UW Medical Student, Anita Mantha completes internship observing cataract, glaucoma and various lens surgeries with L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.
Danis Visits India for Retinopathy Meeting
Dr. Ron Danis visits Chennai, India for diabetic retinopathy meeting at Sankara Nethralaya and a meeting with Directors of Aravind Eye Hospital and LV Prasad Eye Institute to explore the possibilities of helping them to start reading centers at their institutions.
India Colleagues Visit FPRC
DIO sponsors visit from Dr. Tarun Sharma and colleagues from Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India to visit the Fundus Photograph Reading Center (FPRC).
Burkat Travels to the Gambia
Dr. Cat Burkat travels to Banjul, Gambia to perform surgery on indigent patients in Banjul, Gambia, West Africa at the Sheikh Zayed Regional Eye Care Center for congenital droopy lids, other eyelid and orbital conditions.
Japanese Colleague Visits FPRC
DIO sponsors international visitor, Dr. Akitaka Tsujikawa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. Kyoto University observed the Fundus Photograph Reading Center (FPRC) in hopes of developing their own.
Hwang and Croasdale of Dean Visit Paraguary
DIO sponsors Ophthalmology Resident, Frank Hwang, MD along with Christopher Croasdale, MD of Davis Duehr Dean in Madison to engage in corneal transplants, eye banking and cataract surgeries with partner Fundación Visión, Asuncion, Paraguay.
The first week was spent mostly in the operating room with Dr. Christopher Croasdale after screening patients for corneal transplants in the clinic. We were in the operating room daily for the first 3 days of the week and completed 11 corneal transplants with the Paraguayan ophthalmologists. I also attended lectures on Tuesday and Wednesday evenings along with other Paraguayan ophthalmologists regarding corneal transplants. I got a chance to meet many residents as well as practicing ophthalmologists to learn about the Paraguayan health care system and attempted to pick up some Spanish to interact with patients. – Hwang
DIO facilitates 25 Grand Round recordings of presentations for viewing by international partners, referring MDs and DOs.
Resident Ghoghawala Travels to Paraguay
DIO sponsors PGY-3 Resident, Shahed Ghoghawala, MD, two-week rotation with partner, Fundación Visión in Asuncion, Paraguay.
DIO Establishes New Partnership in India
DIO establishes a partnership with Aravind Eye Care System in Madurai, India.
DIO Establishes New Partnership in India
DIO establishes a partnership with L.V. Prasad Eye Institute, Bhubaneswar & Hyderabad, India.
DIO Establishes Partnership in China
DIO establishes a partnership with Affiliated First People’s Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the Eye Research Institute of Shanghai Jiao Tong University in Shanghai, China.
DIO Establishes Partnership in India
DIO establishes a partnership with Tarabai Desai Eye Hospital and Research Center, Jodhpur, India.
Lucarelli Presents in India
Dr. Mark Lucarelli travels to Chennai, India for the “Chrysalis 2011” Conference held in Sankara Nethralaya. While there, Dr. Lucarelli presented several lectures and participated in a techniques workshop and live surgery. Roughly 220 physicians attended the conference in person; another 150 surgeons in 18 countries participated via live web-cast. Dr. Shubhra Goel, who completed her fellowship in Ophthalmic Facial Plastic Surgery at UW-Madison in 2009, organized the conference.
International Researcher works in Kaufman Lab
DIO supports international researcher from Aravind Medical Research Foundation, Madurai, India, Srinivasan Senthilkumari, PhD, to work in Dr. Paul Kaufman, MD laboratory for a 3-month duration. Dr. Senthilkumari provided background on pharmacology and anterior segment eye organ culture systems.
Lucarelli Participates in Mission to Mexico
DIO sponsors Dr. Mark Lucarelli medical mission to Chiapas, Mexico.
The Department is integral in bringing a spinning disk confocal microscope to the UW Core Laboratory to allow researchers to see what is happening inside living cells in real time.
Drs. Barbara and Ronald Klein are awarded more than $3-million from the National Eye Institute to continue their long-range study of patients with Type 1 Diabetes. This study has allowed the researchers to understand the role of blood sugar and other factors on complications from diabetes.
Dr. Nansi Jo Colley receives $1.5-million over four years to use fruit flies to study retinal degenerative diseases like retinitis pigmentosa and age-related macular degeneration, which she has been studying for twenty years.
Dr. Curtis Brandt’s research of the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 inspires GIANTMicrobes to create a stuffed version of the microbe as it appears under the microscope and they are available for purchase at UW Bookstore.
Resident Participates in Mission to Myanmar
DIO and Wisconsin Academy of Ophthalmology (WAO) sponsors resident, Justin Yamanuha, MD educational cataract mission to Myanmar.
“While I was not able to directly perform any surgery, it was a very powerful experience to serve the people in the pre-operative clinic and to see the patients postoperatively as their eye patches were removed and they could see faces of family members for the first time in decades.” – Yamanuha 2013
Visit from Chinese International Researcher
DIO sponsors international research faculty, Dr. Yao Ni of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.
International Visitor from Saudi Arabia
DIO sponsors international Honorary Fellow, Dr. Fahad Abdullah Alwadaani, of Saudi Arabia.
International Observer from Turkey
DIO sponsors visit of international observer, Dr. Zeynep Aktas, Gazi University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
International Observer From Vietnam
DIO sponsors International Observational Honorary Associate in Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dr. Thang Tran, Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Ha Noi, Vietnam.
Dr. Parsa Visits India Partners
DIO sponsors Dr. Cameron Parsa’s visit to partners, LV Prasad Eye Institute in Hyderabad, India and Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Institute, New Delhi, India.
“I had never before seen such efficacious triaging of patients. The doctors at the primary institution represent the “best of the best” having all, in addition, received top-flight fellowship training in the United States before coming back to practice in this pathology-rich, and highly academic environment. As part of the hospital charter, fully half of all patients are seen pro bono, with all their costs subsidized by the other half of seen patients who pay modest fees. After spending three weeks there, primarily with pediatric ophthalmologist Ramesh Kekunnaya, my impression was that of working with U.S. trained physicians within a European-model tertiary care level hospital, with a Cuban-style level of accessibility from the rural village referral and triage network, very simply a combination of the best elements of global medicine. With on site guest rooms and boarding provided next to dormitory accommodations for 40 fellows-in-training just below a 24-hour full ophthalmological library and floors of research laboratories, and with top-flight daily morning lectures and presentations, I could not imagine more hospitable accommodations, or a more energizing academic environment.” – Parsa
Undergraduate Signh Travels to Kenya
DIO sponsors undergraduate observer, Chetandeep Signh to visit Lions Eye Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya.
“Everyone at the Lion’s Eye Hospital was extremely kind and hardworking, especially Dr. Jyotee Trivedy, the doctor I am working with. I have seen her in the clinic-diagnosing patients and seen her performing surgery in the operation theater. She is certainly one of the best ophthalmologists in Kenya. Because of her, my exposure to medicine has increased greatly.” – Signh 2013
2013-2014 DIO facilitates 20 Grand Round recordings of presentations for viewing by international partners, referring MDs and DOs with funds from Alcon Grant.
Dr. Daniel M. Albert is presented with the American Academy of Ophthalmology Laureate Award for his extraordinary contributions as a pioneering eye pathologist and researcher, prominent academician, mentor of clinician-researchers and physicians, ethicist, historian and editor of leading journals and key clinical texts.
International Observer from India
DIO sponsors visit from practicing ophthalmologist and public health consultant/researcher, Dr. Rohan Chariwala of Tejas Eye Hospital, Surat District, Gujrat, India.
International Observer from India
DIO sponsors visit from practicing ophthalmologist and public health consultant/researcher, Dr. Parimalben Rohankumar Chariwala of Tejas Eye Hospital, Surat District, Gujrat, India.
Dr. Dominguez Visits from Paraguay
DIO sponsors visit from international retina observer and partner, Dr. Manuel Zegarra Dominguez of Fundación Visión, Asuncion, Paraguay.
Resident Travels with Burkat to Honduras
DIO sponsors Dr. Ashley Lundin’s medical mission to Siguatepeque, Honduras accompanied by DOVS faculty, Dr. Cat Burkat. Lundin alongside colleagues screened 32 pediatric oculoplastic patients and performed 26 oculoplastic procedures.
“I connected with several of our patients and look forward to the future when I may return to Honduras to follow up with these patients as well as to help many others. This was truly the experience of a lifetime!” – Lundin 2014.
Bradfield Visits Fundación Visión in Paraguay
Dr. Yasmin Bradfield travels to Paraguay, hosted by partner, Fundación Visión, to speak at the Paraguayan Congress of Ophthalmology.
Paraguay Residency Program Granted Access to UW Medical Library
DIO helps partner Dr. Pablo Cibils of Fundación Visión, Paraguay access the University of Wisconsin Medical Library system for the Fundacion Vision Residency Program to use. Later in 2014, DOVS Dr. Chandra visited Fundación Visión and found that computers in each of the exam rooms and the library all had internet access to the University of Wisconsin Library.
Terri L. Young, MD, MBA joins the department, from Duke University after a nationwide search, as the Chair and Peter A. Duehr Endowed Professor of Ophthalmology, Pediatrics, and Medical Genetics, in addition to being the first woman to hold this position in the department.
Marshall Flax retires from the Low Vision Clinic.
Medical Student Visits from Turkey
DIO sponsors visit from international medical student, Melih Eröksüz of Firat Medical School in Elazig, Turkey.
International Observer Visit from Malaysia
DIO sponsors visit from international observer, Dr. Rajiv Gupta of Melaka Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia.
Bradfield Presents at Brazilian Ophthalmology Congress
Dr. Yasmin Bradfield, Associate Professor of Pediatric Ophthalmology and IOI Co-Chair, travels to partner, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo Brazil. As an invited Visiting Professor, Dr. Bradfield spoke at the annual Brazilian Congress of Ophthalmology, the largest Congress in Brazil, attended by over 3,000 ophthalmologists, staff and trainees from Latin and South America. In addition to her speaking, Dr. Bradfield toured their eye clinic and hospital facilitates to initiate a residency collaboration between our departments.
Residents Participate in India Rotation at Shroff’s
Resident Exchange Established with Univeristy of São Paulo
IOI and Combat Blindness International established a clinical and research ophthalmology resident trainee rotation partnership with the Department of Ophthalmology University of São Paulo (DO USP) in São Paulo, Brazil. This program invites a Brazilian ophthalmology resident to perform an unpaid externship at DOVS for a 5-week rotation. They observe clinical practice in various DOVS ophthalmology clinics and operating rooms, participate in all didactic teaching opportunities already available to the DOVS resident and fellow trainees, and complete a research project with guidance by an assigned DOVS faculty mentor.
Partner Visits from India
IOI sponsors visit from international partner, Dr. Sima Das of Dr. Shroff’s Eye Charity Institute, New Delhi, India.
Dr. Matthew D. Davis honored as the 2016 Academy Laureate at the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) Annual Meeting for his seminal contributions to Ophthalmology including the establishment of gold standards for conducting clinical studies that have had major public health impact on the leading causes of blindness.
Mary Ann Croft honored with one of nine 2016 UW Academic Staff Excellence Awards.
Robert W. Nickells, PhD is the next recipient on the Fredrick A. Davis Chair of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Professorship.
Visiting Professor Antonio Say, MD, Chair of Ophthalmology at Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan, Philippines, presented the inaugural Guillermo and Marta De Venecia Lecture at the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences.
Dr. Paul Kaufman receives the Friedenwald Award at ARVO.
Schroff’s Dr. Gandhi visits from India
IOI sponsors visit from international partner, Dr. Arpan Gandhi of Shroff’s Eye Charity Institute, New Delhi, India.
Visit from Brazil Partners Drs. Susanna and Babic
IOI sponsors visit from international partners, Dr. Remo Susanna and Dr. Mirko Babic of the Department of Ophthalmology University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
Residents Participate in India Rotation at Shroff’s
Third-year Resident’s Drs. Kim Han, Alex Ringeisen, Angeline Wang, accompanied by Associate Professor Dr. Sarah Nehls participate in the Resident International Rotation at Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital in New Delhi, India.
Brazilian Resident Completes Observership On New Exchange
IOI welcomes Department of Ophthalmology University of São Paulo (USP) Resident, Dr. Aline Lemos Barros Martins for a 5-week observership and research experience under the supervision of Dr. Mihai Mititelu. This exchange is made possible through the support of Combat Blindness International and collaboration the University of São Paulo (USP).
Dr. Amitha Domalpally, research director for the Fundus Photograph Reading Center, was recognized with the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) Foundation Pfizer Ophthalmics Carl Camras Award for translational research at the annual meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii.
Dr. Alice McPherson, the first female ophthalmology resident at UW–Madison, was honored at ARVO for her leadership as a physician, scholar, philanthropist, and dedication to the study and treatment of retinal diseases.
Paul L. Kaufman, MD, Ernst H. Bárány Professor of Ocular Pharmacology and Chair Emeritus received the Endre A. Balazs Prize from the Council of the International Society for Eye Research (ISER).
New Partnership Established with Philippines
IOI establishes partnership with the University of Santo Tomas, Cardinal Santos Medical Center and Tzu Chi Eye Center, in Manila, Philippines. This partnership resulted from the honorable legacy of Dr. Guillermo de Venecia’s Free Rural Eye Clinic (FREC).
Resident Burckhard Travels for New Rotation in Philippines
PGY-3 Resident, Dr. Braden Burckhard travels to Manila, Philippines to participate in an international rotation with the University of Santo Tomas, Cardinal Santos Medical Center and Tzu Chi Eye Center, in Manila, Philippines. While abroad, Burckhard participates in a 3-day mission program to Tacloban City, Philippines to conduct cataracts surgeries for the indigent. Funding supported by the Dr. Guillermo de Venecia endowment.
Brazilian Resident Completes Observership
El Salvador Mission for Pediatric Ophthalmology
Dr. Michael Struck, professor and pediatric ophthalmologist, Nathan Carpenter, MD, pediatric ophthalmology and adult strabismus fellow, Kali Loberger, pediatric orthoptist, and Shelley Wilker, pediatric surgical technologist, will travel to El Salvador to provide medical care under the auspices of Associación Salvadoreña Pro-Salud Rural Salvadorean Association for Rural Health – a non-governmental organization that supports health, education, environmental and economic development programs. Struck, Carpenter, Loberger and Wilker will join comprehensive pediatric ophthalmologists from throughout the country to provide surgical and screening services to rural children in need.