Author(s):Kushner BJ. The Functional Benefits of Strabismus Surgery. J Binocul Vis Ocul Motil. 2018 Apr-Jun;68(2):59-62. doi: 10.1080/2576117X.2018.1460972. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
Journal: Journal Of Binocular Vision And Ocular Motility, Volume 68, Issue 2,
When performed prior to visual maturity, strabismus surgery can result in the development or recovery of binocularity. When strabismus surgery is performed after visual maturity, the functional benefits of the surgery should be dichotomized according to whether the onset of the strabismus was before or after visual maturity. If the onset was after visual maturity, patients typically are diplopic. Specific success rates for eliminating diplopia vary according to the nature of the strabismus; however, overall the success rate is quite high. There is a common misperception that surgery in adults for strabismus that began prior to visual maturity is merely cosmetic. Numerous studies contradict this misconception. Even if the strabismus has been longstanding, most adults will experience some improvement in binocular function after strabismus surgery. In esotropic patients, this improvement typically takes the form of an expansion of binocular visual fields; however, some patients may also regain stereopsis. There are many psychosocial benefits to adult strabismus surgery. This is reflected in the finding that the majority of adults surveyed with strabismus would trade a portion of their life expectancy to be rid of their strabismus.