SIGHT for Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

Active Clinical Trials // Jan 28 2019

Sponsor: Jaeb Center for Health Research

Randomized Trial of Medical Therapy (MT) vs. MT Plus Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration vs. MT Plus Ventriculoperitoneal Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunting in Subjects With Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension and Moderate to Severe Visual Loss

Brief Summary:

Randomized trial of adults (≥18 years old) with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and moderate to severe visual loss without substantial recent treatment who are randomly assigned to (1) medical therapy, (2) medical therapy plus ONSF, or (3) medical therapy plus VPS. The primary outcome is visual field mean deviation change at first of Month 6 (26 weeks) or time of treatment failure of the eligible eye(s), followed by a continuation study to assess time to treatment failure. The determination of eligible eye(s) is based on meeting the eligibility criteria at baseline.

Recruiting: 180

Ages: 18 years to 63 years

Intervention

  • Drug: Acetazolamide

Medical therapy including diet

Other Names:

    • Diamox
    • water pill
    • diuretic
  • Procedure: Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration

Medical therapy including diet + optic nerve sheath fenestration

Other Name: ONSF

  • Procedure: Ventriculoperitoneal CSF Shunting

Medical therapy including diet + ventriculoperitoneal CSF Shunting

Other Names:

    • VPS
    • CSF Shunt Surgery

 

Study Arms

  • Active Comparator: Acetazolamide including Diet

Subjects will use 250 mg tablets of acetazolamide, divided into two doses, taken with meals. Initial dose will be 1,000 mg twice per day and increased per titration schedule (Table 6 in protocol).

Dietary consultation will include advising subjects to adopt a low sodium weight reduced diet.

Intervention: Drug: Acetazolamide

  • Active Comparator: Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration

Acetazolamide including Diet plus Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration (ONSF) Subjects will use 250 mg tablets of acetazolamide, divided into two doses, taken with meals. Initial dose will be 1,000 mg twice per day and increased per titration schedule (Table 6 in protocol).

Dietary consultation will include advising subjects to adopt a low sodium weight reduced diet.

ONSF performed by qualified, certified orbital surgeon using either a medial or supero-medial lid crease approach. ONSF will be performed in one or both eyes, depending on criteria.

Intervention: Procedure: Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration

  • Active Comparator: Ventriculoperitoneal CSF Shunting

Acetazolamide including Diet plus Ventriculoperitoneal CSF Shunting (VPS) Subjects will use 250 mg tablets of acetazolamide, divided into two doses, taken with meals. Initial dose will be 1,000 mg twice per day and increased per titration schedule (Table 6 in protocol).

Dietary consultation will include advising subjects to adopt a low sodium weight reduced diet.

VPS performed by qualified, certified neurosurgeon using a frameless image-guided stereotactic system and positioning a shunt catheter in the lateral ventricle of the cerebral hemisphere not associated with speech. The catheter will be connected to an adjustable valve, and a distal shunt system will be placed in the peritoneal cavity.

Intervention: Procedure: Ventriculoperitoneal CSF Shunting

Eligibility Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject Eligibility Criteria Inclusion Criteria
    1. Diagnosis of IIH by modified Dandy criteria (Table 4)
    2. Age 18 to <64 years at time of consent
    3. Age 18 to <61 years at time of diagnosis (time of diagnosis is the time at which the patient meets the modified Dandy criteria, usually after the lumbar puncture results are reviewed)
    4. Presence of bilateral papilledema
    5. Lumbar puncture within 6 weeks of screening visit or completed as part of screening: Opening CSF pressure >250 mmH2O or 200 to 250 mmH2O; and at least one of the following:
      • Pulse synchronous tinnitus
      • Cranial nerve VI palsy
      • Echography for disc drusen negative and no other disc anomalies mimicking disc edema present
      • Magnetic Resonance Venography (MRV) with lateral sinus collapse/stenosis, partially empty sella turcica on coronal or sagittal views of MRI, and optic nerve sheaths with filled out CSF spaces next to the globe on T2 weighted axial MRI scans If the patient was treated with intracranial pressure lowering agents (e.g., acetazolamide) prior to obtaining a lumbar puncture, the agent(s) must be discontinued for at least 24 hours prior to performing the diagnostic lumbar puncture.
    6. At least one eye meeting all eligible eye inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria.
    7. Able to provide informed consent
    8. Investigator believes participant is a good candidate for the study, including the probability of returning for follow-up.
  • Eye-Level Eligibility Criteria Subjects must have at least one eye meeting all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria.

If both eyes meet eligibility criteria at the baseline examination, both will be included in the primary outcome analysis.

Inclusion

  1. Visual field loss meeting the following criteria based on two full threshold 24-2 size V tests reviewed by the VFRC:
    • PMD from -6 decibel (dB) to -27 dB
    • Reproducible visual loss present on automated perimetry including no more than 15% false positive response
  2. Visual acuity better than 20/200 (39 or more letters correct)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject Exclusion Criteria Exclusion Criteria
    1. Treatment of IIH within the past 3 months with either (1) the maximally tolerated dosage of acetazolamide for at least one week or (2) more than one month of acetazolamide with a cumulative dosage of more than 30 grams ‘Maximally-tolerated dose’ is defined as dosage was reached where dosage could not be increased further either because of side effects or because a daily total dosage of 4 grams per day was reached.

If individual discontinued acetazolamide in the past due to side effects, individual is only eligible if investigator believes that the individual is likely to tolerate acetazolamide, as it will be prescribed in the study.

    1. Treatment of IIH within the past 3 months with either (1) the maximally tolerated dosage of methazolamide for at least one week or (2) more than one month of methazolamide with a cumulative dosage of more than 3 grams ‘Maximally-tolerated dose’ is defined as dosage was reached where dosage could not be increased further either because of side effects or because a daily total dosage of 400 mg per day was reached.
    2. Treatment with topiramate within two months and average cumulative dosage for the preceding month of more than 700 mg per week
    3. Previous surgery for IIH, including ONSF, CSF shunting, subtemporal decompression, or venous sinus stenting; gastric surgery for obesity is allowed
    4. Abnormalities on neurologic examination except for papilledema and its related visual loss or cranial nerve VI to VII paresis; if other abnormalities are present, the patient will need to be discussed with the Study Director (SD) for study entry.
    5. Abnormal CT or MRI scan (intracranial mass, hydrocephalus, dural sinus thrombus, or arteriovenous malformation) other than findings known to occur with increased intracranial pressure. Abnormalities on MRI that are not known to cause increased intracranial pressure are acceptable.
    6. Abnormal CSF contents: increased cells: > 8 cells; elevated protein: > 45 mg%; low glucose: < 30 mg% (If the lumbar puncture produces a cell count compatible with a traumatic needle insertion, the patient does not need to be excluded if the CSF white blood cell count (WBC) after correction is 8 cells/mm3 or less – see Manual of Procedures (MOP) for calculation. If > 8 cells or > 45mg% in CSF protein are documented in the CSF or calculated after conversion from a traumatic lumbar puncture, the patient can be discussed with the Study Director for possible inclusion.)
    7. Abnormal blood work-up indicating a medical or systemic condition associated with raised intracranial pressure
    8. Diabetes mellitus with diabetic retinopathy
    9. Ingestion of a drug or substance, or presence of a disorder, that has been associated with increased intracranial pressure within 2 months of diagnosis, such as lithium, vitamin A related products (e.g., Retin-A), or various cyclines (see MOP for conditions and drugs)
    10. Laboratory test results showing severe anemia, leukopenia or thrombocytopenia, renal failure, or hepatic disease, based on the Site Investigator’s judgment
    11. Other condition requiring oral, I.V. or injectable steroids (nasal, inhaled, or topical steroids are allowed since the systemic effects are small)
    12. Presence of a medical condition that would contraindicate use of acetazolamide or furosemide or significantly increase surgical risk
    13. Pregnancy or unwillingness for a subject of childbearing potential to use contraception during the first 6 months of the study Women of childbearing potential must use an acceptable form of birth control during the first 6 months of the study. Acceptable forms include oral contraceptives, transdermal contraceptives, diaphragm, intrauterine devices (IUDs), condoms with spermicide, documented surgical sterilization of either the subject or their partner, or abstinence.
    14. Presence of a physical, mental, or social condition likely to affect follow-up (drug addiction, terminal illness, no telephone, homeless)
    15. Anticipation of a move from the site area within six months and unwillingness to return for follow-up at a SIGHT study site
    16. Allergy to pupil dilating drops or narrow angles precluding safe dilation
    17. Presence of a condition that contraindicates general anesthesia
    18. Participation in an investigational trial within 30 days of enrollment that involved treatment with any systemic drug therapy or therapy that affects the eligible eye(s)
  1. Eye Level Exclusion Criteria Exclusion
    1. Intraocular pressure currently >28 mm Hg or >30 mm Hg at any time in the past
    2. Refractive error of more than -6.00 or more than +6.00 sphere or more than 3.00 cylinder with the following exceptions:
      • Eyes with more than 6.00 D of myopia but less than 8.00 D of myopia are eligible if: 1) there are no abnormalities on ophthalmoscopy related to myopia that are associated with visual loss (such as staphyloma, retinal thinning in the posterior pole, or more than mild optic disc tilt), and 2) the individual will wear a contact lens for all perimetry examinations with the appropriate correction.
      • Eyes with more than 6.00 D of hyperopia but less than 8.00 D of hyperopia are eligible if: 1) there is an unambiguous characteristic halo of peripapillary edema as opposed to features of a small crowded disc or other hyperopic change related to visual loss determined by the Site Investigator or the Photographic Reading Center (PRC) Director (or his designate), and 2) the individual will wear a contact lens for all perimetry examinations with the appropriate correction (which can be corrected for perimetry or with the patient’s own contact lens with over correction by lens at the perimeter).

Note: Refractive error exclusion and exceptions refer to sphere not spherical equivalent, with cylinder expressed in plus format.

    1. Other disorders causing visual loss except for refractive error and amblyopia, including cells in the vitreous or iritis
    2. Large optic disc drusen on exam or known in previous history (small drusen of the disc can occur with longstanding papilledema and are allowed if not so numerous that investigator determines they are contributing to vision loss)

For more information please contact Angie Adler 608-265-4659