Manifestations and Management of Inflammatory Eye Disease in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

PubMed ID: 38848110

Author(s): Arzbecker M, Kopplin LJ. Manifestations and Management of Inflammatory Eye Disease in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2024 Jun 7:1-6. doi: 10.1080/09273948.2024.2362881. Online ahead of print. PMID 38848110

Journal: Ocular Immunology And Inflammation, Jun 2024

PURPOSE To characterize the ocular inflammatory manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and examine the impact of ocular inflammation on IBD treatment.

METHODS A single-center retrospective chart review of patients with an IBD diagnosis and ophthalmology visit between January 2016 and January 2022 was conducted. Patients with a diagnosis of uveitis, scleritis, or peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) confirmed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist were included.

RESULTS Charts of 1320 IBD patients were reviewed; 42 patients with uveitis, 2 patients with scleritis, and 2 patients with PUK were identified. Anterior uveitis was the most common form of uveitis (38/42, 90.5%), often in an episodic (31/38, 81.6%) and unilateral (19/38, 50.0%) pattern. Four patients (4/42, 9.5%) had posterior segment uveitis: two with panuveitis, one with intermediate uveitis, and one with posterior uveitis. Patients on systemic therapy for IBD did not routinely undergo changes to therapy following the development of ocular inflammation (27/36, 75.0%). Therapy alterations were more frequent with the development of posterior segment uveitis, scleritis, or PUK (4/6, 66.7%) compared with anterior uveitis (5/30, 16.7%). In 10 patients, uveitis onset preceded IBD diagnosis; in these patients, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors were often used at the time of subsequent IBD diagnosis (5/10, 50.0%).

CONCLUSIONS Unilateral anterior uveitis was the most common form of ocular inflammation among patients with IBD. Development of uveitis did not routinely require modification of immunomodulatory therapies; however, therapy changes were more common with posterior segment uveitis, scleritis, and PUK.