Small tuck for superior oblique palsy.

PubMed ID: 38871248

Author(s): Bunyavee C, Miranda AR, Archer SM. Small tuck for superior oblique palsy. J AAPOS. 2024 Jun 11:103952. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2024.103952. Online ahead of print. PMID 38871248

Journal: Journal Of Aapos : The Official Publication Of The American Association For Pediatric Ophthalmology And Strabismus, Jun 2024

PURPOSE To investigate the surgical outcomes of small superior oblique (SO) tuck-denoting minimal tendon laxity-in patients with unilateral SO palsy.

METHODS The medical records of consecutive patients treated with ≤6 mm SO tuck from 2000 to 2018 at Kellogg Eye Center, University of Michigan, were reviewed retrospectively. Tendon tucks were performed to a fairly uniform tension in an amount that just eliminated slack in the tendon. Pre- and postoperative motility measurements were compared. Patients were excluded if they had a history of prior strabismus surgery or concurrent vertical rectus or inferior oblique surgery.

RESULTS A total of 27 cases (14 males) met inclusion criteria. The median age at surgery was 47 years (range 3-74 years). The mean SO tuck (total, both arms of tuck) was 4.9 mm (range, 2-6 mm). After surgery, median hypertropia decreased from 9Δ to 1Δ in primary position and from 20Δ to 4Δ in the SO field of action (contralateral downgaze). Lateral incomitance (difference in hypertropia between contralateral and ipsilateral gaze) decreased from 10Δ to 2Δ (P < 0.001 in each case). Six patients had diplopia in upgaze postoperatively that was not symptomatic enough to require reoperation. Six patients had residual hypertropia requiring additional surgery.

CONCLUSIONS Small SO tuck provided disproportionate correction of hypertropia in the SO field of action and nearly eliminated lateral incomitance without producing unacceptable iatrogenic Brown syndrome. Even in the absence of tendon laxity, SO tuck was a good surgical option for SO palsy in our cohort where there was marked lateral incomitance and the greatest deviation was in the SO field of action.

Copyright © 2024. Published by Elsevier Inc.