Author(s): Cullinan AE, Lindstrom MJ, Sabet S, Albert DM, Brandt CR. Evaluation of the antitumor effects of Herpes simplex virus lacking ribonucleotide reductase in a murine retinoblastoma model. Curr Eye Res. 2004 Aug-Sep;29(2-3):167-72.
Journal: Current Eye Research, Volume 29, Issue 2 3,
PURPOSE To determine if an attenuated herpes simplex virus (HSV) lacking the large subunit of ribonucleotide reductase has antitumor effects in a transgenic mouse model of retinoblastoma (LHbetaTAg).
METHODS LHbetaTAg mice were injected ocularly with 1 x 10(6) pfu of the hrR3 virus and tumor sizes were measured 3 weeks later. Replication of the virus in the eye and cultured murine retinoblastoma cells was tested by titration. Distribution of the virus in tumor was measured by X-gal staining.
RESULTS Intraocular injection of mice with hrR3 (n = 24) did not result in a significant reduction in tumor size compared to uninjected (n = 24) or PBS injected controls (n = 16). Neither the hrR3, nor the HSV RE6 mutant, which was previously shown to have antitumor effects in vivo, replicated in cultured murine tumor cells in vitro, compared to wild-type HSV. The hrR3 virus also did not replicate significantly in tumor cells in vivo, compared to normal eye tissue.
CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that mutant HSV lacking ribonucleotide reductase do not display oncolytic activity in the LHbetaTAg mouse and that this model may not be suitable for studying viral oncolysis as a therapy for retinoblastoma.