Oral protein kinase c β inhibition using ruboxistaurin: efficacy, safety, and causes of vision loss among 813 patients (1,392 eyes) with diabetic retinopathy in the Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study and the Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study 2.

Matthew Davis // Publications // Nov 01 2011

PubMed ID: 21862954

Author(s): Aiello LP, Vignati L, Sheetz MJ, Zhi X, Girach A, Davis MD, Wolka AM, Shahri N, Milton RC; PKC-DRS and PKC-DRS2 Study Groups. Oral protein kinase c β inhibition using ruboxistaurin: efficacy, safety, and causes of vision loss among 813 patients (1,392 eyes) with diabetic retinopathy in the Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study and the Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study 2. Retina. 2011 Nov;31(10):2084-94. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e3182111669. PMID 21862954

Journal: Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), Volume 31, Issue 10, Nov 2011

PURPOSE To evaluate efficacy, safety, and causes of vision loss among 813 patients (1,392 eyes) with moderately severe to very severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy from the Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study and Protein Kinase C β Inhibitor-Diabetic Retinopathy Study 2 ruboxistaurin (RBX) protein kinase C β inhibitor trials.

METHODS Patients in these 3-year, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked, Phase 3 trials had best-corrected Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuity ≥45 letters (∼20/125 Snellen), Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study retinopathy level 47A/B-53E, and no previous panretinal photocoagulation in ≥1 eye. Patients received placebo (N = 401) or RBX 32 mg/day (N = 412). Data from the 2 studies were combined and masked evaluation of retinal photographs was performed for cause of visual decline in all patients experiencing sustained moderate visual loss (≥15-letter loss sustained for the last 6 months of study).

RESULTS In the studies combined, sustained moderate visual loss occurred in 10.2% of placebo-treated patients versus 6.1% of RBX-treated patients (P = 0.011). A ≥15-letter gain occurred in 2.4% of placebo versus 4.7% of RBX eyes (P = 0.021) and a ≥15-letter loss occurred in 11.4% versus 7.4%, respectively (P = 0.012). Diabetic macular edema was the probable primary cause of vision loss. Among eyes without focal/grid photocoagulation at baseline, fewer RBX group eyes (26.7%) required initial focal/grid photocoagulation versus placebo (35.6%; P = 0.008). No safety concerns were identified.

CONCLUSION Analysis of data combined from two similar studies adds further statistical significance to RBX’s beneficial effects on visual loss, need for focal laser, and vision gain, most likely through effects on macular edema.