1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and its analog, 2-methylene-19-nor-(20S)-1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (2MD), suppress intraocular pressure in non-human primates.

Kaufman Lab // Publications // Feb 01 2012

PubMed ID: 22198282

Author(s): Kutuzova GD, Gabelt BT, Kiland JA, Hennes-Beann EA, Kaufman PL, DeLuca HF. 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) and its analog, 2-methylene-19-nor-(20S)-1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (2MD), suppress intraocular pressure in non-human primates. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2012 Feb 1;518(1):53-60. doi: 10.1016/j.abb.2011.10.022. Epub 2011 Dec 16. PMID 22198282

Journal: Archives Of Biochemistry And Biophysics, Volume 518, Issue 1, Feb 2012

Ocular hypertension is the greatest known risk factor for glaucoma that affects an estimated 70 million people worldwide. Lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) remains the mainstay of therapy in the management of glaucoma. By means of microarray analysis, we have discovered that 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) regulates genes that are known to be involved in the determination of intraocular pressure (IOP). Topical administration of 1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3) or its analog, 2-methylene-19-nor-(20S)-1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (2MD), markedly reduces IOP in non-human primates. The reduction in IOP is not the result of reduced aqueous humor formation, while a 35% increase in aqueous humor drainage by 1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3) was found but this increase did not achieve significance. Nevertheless, our results suggest that 1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3), or an analog thereof, may present a new approach to the treatment of glaucoma.

Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.