The effect of the oral PKC β inhibitor ruboxistaurin on vision loss in two phase 3 studies.

Matthew Davis // Publications // Mar 11 2013

PubMed ID: 23404115

Author(s): Sheetz MJ, Aiello LP, Davis MD, Danis R, Bek T, Cunha-Vaz J, Shahri N, Berg PH; MBDL and MBCU Study Groups. The effect of the oral PKC β inhibitor ruboxistaurin on vision loss in two phase 3 studies. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013 Mar 11;54(3):1750-7. doi: 10.1167/iovs.12-11055. PMID 23404115

Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Volume 54, Issue 3, Mar 2013

PURPOSE To assess the effect of ruboxistaurin (RBX) on vision loss through a prospectively defined combined analysis of two phase 3 trials (MBDL and MBCU).

METHODS Patients in both of these 3-year randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked trials had best-corrected Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) visual acuity (VA) ≥ 75 letters (∼20/32 Snellen), ETDRS retinopathy level 20 to 47D (MBDL) or 35B to 53E (MBCU), and no prior panretinal or focal photocoagulation in at least one eye at baseline. Patients received oral placebo (N = 508 total from both studies) or RBX 32 mg/d (N = 520 total). Best-corrected ETDRS VA was measured at 6-month intervals for 3 years (MBDL) or for 18 to 48 months (MBCU). Sustained moderate visual loss (SMVL) was defined as a 15-letter or more reduction from baseline in VA sustained for a patient’s last 6 months of study participation.

RESULTS In the combined studies (N = 1028 total), SMVL occurred in 4.4% of placebo- versus 2.3% of RBX-treated patients (P = 0.069). In patients with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up (N = 825 total), there was less SMVL in the RBX group (4.4% placebo versus 2.1% RBX, P = 0.045). Other VA-related measures (mean VA, contrast sensitivity, Visual Functioning Questionnaire 25 [VFQ-25]) either trended toward a benefit for RBX or were also statistically significant in favor of RBX. In contrast, diabetic macular edema (DME) morphology-related measures (occurrence of significant center of macula involvement, optical coherence tomography [OCT]-determined center of macula thickness, application of focal photocoagulation) did not show a consistent trend in favor of or against RBX.

CONCLUSIONS SMVL data in a prospectively defined combined analysis from these two phase 3 trials suggest a magnitude of effect of RBX on vision loss similar to that seen in two prior studies (approximately 50% reduction above standard care). However, event rates were low and statistical significance was not achieved. (ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00133952, NCT00090519.).