Author(s): Tong L, Kalil RE, Spear PD. Thalamic projections to visual areas of the middle suprasylvian sulcus in the cat. J Comp Neurol. 1982 Dec 1;212(2):103-17.
Journal: The Journal Of Comparative Neurology, Volume 212, Issue 2, Dec 1982
The thalamic afferents to two areas of the lateral suprasylvian visual cortex in the cat were studied by using retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Injections were localized retinotopically with electrophysiological recording. The posteromedial lateral suprasylvian area (PMLS) of Palmer et al. (’78) receives afferents from the pulvinar (P), the posterior nucleus of Rioch (PN), the C-laminae of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGNd) and the centrolateral (CL), lateral posterior (LP), medial interlaminar (MIN) nuclei. The anteromedial lateral suprasylvian area (AMLS) receives afferents from CL, P, LP, PN, MIN, and probably from the posterior nuclear group (PO), and the lateral dorsal (LD) and ventral anterior (VA) nuclei. The LP-pulvinar complex has been divided into four zones on the basis of connectivity: geniculate wing, pulvinar, the lateral division of LP, and the interjacent division of LP (Updyke, ’77; Graybiel and Berson, ’80; Guillery et al., ’80). The locations of labeled cells in the present experiments suggest that both AMLS and PMLS receive afferents from each of the four zones, although differences exist in the strength of the projections. While AMLS and PMLS receive afferents from many of the same nuclei (CL, P, LP, PN, and MIN), differences in their afferents also were noted. These differences are of three types. The first is that some nuclei project to only one of the cortical areas. PMLS alone receives input from the C-laminae of the LGNd while AMLS alone receives probable input from PO, LD, and VA. The second difference is in the strength of the projection from some nuclei. AMLS receives a stronger projection from CL and P than does PMLS. The third difference concerns the pattern of distribution of neurons that project to each cortical area. Labeled cells in LP are dispersed after an AMLS injection, but are found in clusters or bands after a PMLS injection. Thus our results indicate that the thalamic afferents to AMLS and PMLS are in general similar: however, differences in input to AMLS and PMLS suggest that inputs to PMLS are predominantly visual while AMLS receives a broader spectrum of afferent information.