Author(s): Daniels DL, Pech P, Kay MC, Pojunas K, Williams AL, Haughton VM. Orbital apex: correlative anatomic and CT study. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985 Dec;145(6):1141-6.
Journal: Ajr. American Journal Of Roentgenology, Volume 145, Issue 6, Dec 1985
A detailed analysis of the coronal anatomic and CT appearances of the orbital apex is presented. In cadavers, coronal CT 9800 scans of the orbital apex and precisely corresponding cryomicrotomic sections were obtained. The CT appearance of the optic nerve, anulus of Zinn, and cranial nerves III-VI at the superior orbital fissure and orbital apex were determined. These anatomic structures were also demonstrated in clinical CT studies. Practical applications of the anatomic landmarks in evaluating orbital apex tumors are illustrated.