Studies on the relation of DNA synthesis to retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells.

Anne Griep // Publications // May 01 1986

PubMed ID: 3956593

Author(s): Griep AE, DeLuca HF. Studies on the relation of DNA synthesis to retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells. Exp Cell Res. 1986 May;164(1):223-31.

Journal: Experimental Cell Research, Volume 164, Issue 1, May 1986

Inhibition of DNA synthesis in F9 embryonal carcinoma cells with high thymidine induces differentiation similar to that induced with retinoic acid (RA). The presence of differentiated cells is evident after 15 h of treatment with 2 mM thymidine, during which period DNA synthesis is inhibited 99%. The addition of RA during the period of high thymidine treatment does not increase the amount of differentiation seen at the end of the 15-h treatment, but does increase the amount seen after thymidine is removed. The inhibition of proliferation by low serum concentration does not induce differentiation in the absence of RA. In partially synchronized cultures of F9 cells, the addition of RA alters the pattern of DNA replication during the first third of S phase. If RA is present during this part of S phase, differentiation is evident both morphologically and biochemically during the following cell cycle. Addition of RA during the second half of S phase does not lead to obvious differentiation until after the next cell cycle. These results suggest that particular events during the early replication period of F9 cells are targets for RA action in induction of differentiation of F9 cells.