Author(s):Kushner BJ, Preslan MW, Vrabec M. Artifacts of measuring during strabismus surgery. J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1987 Jul-Aug;24(4):159-64. PMID 3312560
Journal: Journal Of Pediatric Ophthalmology And Strabismus, Volume 24, Issue 4,
Several different artifacts can induce errors in measurements obtained during strabismus surgery. Fixating the severed rectus muscle stump with forceps during strabismus surgery can result in a temporary anterior displacement of the insertion. This may result in inaccuracies in determining the site to which the muscle is to be recessed. This displacement was quantified in a prospective masked manner and was found in some patients to result in as much as 1 mm of error. It can be prevented by measuring the recession prior to fixating the insertion stump with forceps; however, it cannot always be prevented by measuring from the limbus, which also introduces other artifacts due to geometric principles. An “advancement effect” occurs during a rectus muscle recession due to the mechanics of suture placement in the muscle. It was quantified in a masked manner and found to be approximately .5 mm in most cases. A “V” shaped deformity of the insertion stump may occur immediately adjacent to the forceps. This deformity frequently distorts the insertion by as much as several millimeters.