Author(s): Crawford K, Kaufman PL, Gabelt BT. Effects of topical PGF2 alpha on aqueous humor dynamics in cynomolgus monkeys. Curr Eye Res. 1987 Aug;6(8):1035-44.
Journal: Current Eye Research, Volume 6, Issue 8, Aug 1987
Single topical applications of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) tromethamine salt to living cynomolgus monkey eyes reduced intraocular pressure (IOP). Twice daily topical application was far more effective, so that after the 7th 50 micrograms or 100 micrograms dose on day 4, IOP fell 40-50%, to 8-10 mm Hg. Following twice daily application of 50 or 100 micrograms for greater than 3 days: (1) no increase in total outflow facility could be demonstrated by 2-level constant pressure perfusion or Schiotz tonography; (2) no decrease in aqueous humor formation rate could be demonstrated by fluorophotometry–rather, aqueous flow may have increased; (3) anterior chamber aqueous humor protein concentration was unaltered, but entry of intravenously injected fluorescein into the cornea and anterior chamber tended to increase; (4) there was a weak but sometimes statistically significant miosis of up to approximately 0.5 mm. We conclude that in the cynomolgus monkey: (1) PGF2 alpha is a potent ocular hypotensive agent with only very weak miotic and blood-aqueous barrier-disrupting effects; (2) the ocular hypotensive action of PGF2 alpha is definitely not due to increased conventional outflow facility or decreased aqueous production, but probably to increased uveoscleral drainage of aqueous humor.