Idiopathic bilateral lipid keratopathy.

PubMed ID: 3395592

Author(s): Alfonso E, Arrellanes L, Boruchoff SA, Ormerod LD, Albert DM. Idiopathic bilateral lipid keratopathy. Br J Ophthalmol. 1988 May;72(5):338-43. PMID 3395592

Journal: The British Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 72, Issue 5, May 1988

A 52-year-old Mexican man presented with asymptomatic, bilaterally symmetrical lipid infiltrates of the cornea and adjacent limbus. No evidence of previous ocular disease or systemic disorder of lipid metabolism could be detected. Penetrating keratoplasty of the right eye was required. The cornea was rigid and thick, with posterior bulging into the anterior chamber. Light microscopy revealed deep corneal lipid granules, foamy histiocytes, vascularisation, and chronic non-granulomatous inflammation. Transmission electron microscopy showed extracellular lipid spaces and numerous intracytoplasmic lipid vacuoles in histiocytes, keratocytes, conjunctival epithelium, and the endothelium of blood vessels in the corneal stroma and adjacent limbal conjunctiva. Histochemical analysis revealed the presence of neutral fats, free fatty acids, cholesterol, and phospholipids.