Author(s): Cook CA, Koretz JF, Pfahnl A, Hyun J, Kaufman PL. Aging of the human crystalline lens and anterior segment. Vision Res. 1994 Nov;34(22):2945-54.
Journal: Vision Research, Volume 34, Issue 22, Nov 1994
Changes in the unaccommodated human crystalline lens were characterized as a function of subject age for 100 normal emmetropes over the age range 18-70 yr by Scheimpflug slit-lamp photography. With increasing age, the lens becomes thicker sagittally, but since the distance from the cornea to the posterior lens surface remains unchanged, this indicates that the center of lens mass moves anteriorly and the anterior chamber becomes shallower. Sagittal nuclear thickness is independent of age, but both anterior and posterior cortical thicknesses increase with age, shifting the location of the nucleus and the central sulcus in the anterior direction. The amount of light scattered by the lens at high angles, as represented by normalized and integrated lens densities from the digitized images, increases with increasing age in an exponential fashion. Similar relationships to age are observed for the major anterior zone of discontinuity (maximum density) and the central sulcus (minimum density). The relationships of these results to accommodation and presbyopia are discussed.