The herpes simplex virus type 1 ribonucleotide reductase is required for acute retinal disease.

Brandt Lab // Publications // Jan 01 1997

PubMed ID: 9191855

Author(s): Brandt CR, Imesch P, Spencer B, Eliassi-Rad B, Syed NA, Untawale S, Robinson NL, Albert DM. The herpes simplex virus type 1 ribonucleotide reductase is required for acute retinal disease. Arch Virol. 1997;142(5):883-96.

Journal: Archives Of Virology, Volume 142, Issue 5, 1997

We have used a herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) ribonucleotide reductase (RR) null mutant (ICP6 delta) to determine if the HSV-1 RR is required for acute retinal disease. Injection of the ICP6 delta mutant into the vitreous induced mild transient signs of infection (vitreal infiltrate, retinal inflammation, and changes in retinal cytology). In contrast, the parental KOS and a revertant virus (ICP6 delta + 3.1) in which the RR gene had been restored, caused severe retinitis. Injection of media alone also induced mild transient signs of disease. Two months after infection, ICP6 delta injected eyes could not be distinguished from normal eyes. Repeated injection of ICP6 delta (3 times, 2 weeks apart) resulted in vitreal infiltrate near the site of injection but the retina did not appear damaged. The mutant, ICP6 delta, grew to peak titers 1 x 10(3) to 1 x 10(5)-fold lower and cleared faster than KOS or ICP6 delta + 3.1 in the injected eyes suggesting that the reduced virulence was due to reduced ability of the virus to grow. These results show that the viral RR is required for acute retinal disease.