Author(s): Miller ST, Barney NP, Gamache DA, Spellman JM, Yanni JM. Secretory response of mast cells contained in monodispersed human choroidal preparations. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1997 Oct;114(2):139-43.
Journal: International Archives Of Allergy And Immunology, Volume 114, Issue 2, Oct 1997
BACKGROUND Mast cells have been identified in the choroid of numerous species including man. However, functional studies involving these human mast cells have not been reported. In the current studies, the secretory response of human choroidal mast cells to various stimuli was examined using monodispersed choroidal cell preparations.
METHODS Monodispersed cell suspensions of human choroid were prepared from eye bank globes and the number, histamine content, and secretory response of mast cells in these preparations were determined. Choroids from 27 donors were used for these experiments.
RESULTS Cell suspensions contained an average of 15% mast cells. Mast cells stained positively with toluidine blue and exhibited the classical granular appearance upon electron microscopy. The amount of histamine contained in each mast cell was calculated to be 2.74+/-0.17 pg. Significant histamine release was observed following treatment with anti-human IgE, calcium ionophore A23187, concanavalin A, compound 48/80 and morphine.
CONCLUSION A method has been developed for obtaining monodispersed human choroidal mast cell preparations. The cells were functional as evidenced by their ability to release histamine upon immunological and nonimmunological stimulation. The degranulation noted following compound 48/80 and morphine challenge suggests that these human choroidal mast cells are analogous to connective tissue or chymase/tryptase-positive mast cells.