Author(s):Sheibani N, Frazier WA. Down-regulation of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 results in thrombospondin-1 expression and concerted regulation of endothelial cell phenotype. Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Apr;9(4):701-13.
Journal: Molecular Biology Of The Cell, Volume 9, Issue 4, Apr 1998
bEND.3 cells are polyoma middle T-transformed mouse brain endothelial cells that express very little or no thrombospondin-1, a natural inhibitor of angiogenesis, but express high levels of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) that localizes to sites of cell-cell contact. Here, we have examined the role of PECAM-1 in regulation of bEND.3 cell proliferation, migration, morphogenesis, and hemangioma formation. We show that down-regulating PECAM-1 expression by antisense transfection of bEND. 3 cells has a dramatic effect on their morphology, proliferation, and morphogenesis on Matrigel. There is an optimal level for PECAM-1 expression such that high levels of PECAM-1 inhibit, whereas moderate levels of PECAM-1 stimulate, endothelial cell morphogenesis. The down-regulation of PECAM-1 in bEND.3 cells resulted in reexpression of endogenous thrombospondin-1 and its antiangiogenic receptor CD36. The expression of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptors flk-1 and flt-1, as well as integrins and metalloproteinases (which are involved in angiogenesis), were also affected. These observations are consistent with the changes observed in proliferation, migration, and adhesion characteristics of the antisense-transfected bEND.3 cells as well as with their lack of ability to form hemangiomas in mice. Thus, a reciprocal relationship exists between thrombospondin-1 and PECAM-1 expression, such that these two molecules appear to be constituents of a “switch” that regulates in concert many components of the angiogenic and differentiated phenotypes of endothelial cells.