Author(s): Lewis R, Perkins TW, Gangnon R, Kaufman PL,Heatley GA. The rarity of clinically significant rise in intraocular pressure after laser peripheral iridotomy with apraclonidine. Ophthalmology. 1998 Dec;105(12):2256-9. PMID 9855156
Journal: Ophthalmology, Volume 105, Issue 12, Dec 1998
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of intraocular pressure (IOP) rise of varying degrees after laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in patients with and without glaucoma treated perioperatively with pilocarpine and apraclonidine.
DESIGN A retrospective chart review.
PARTICIPANTS A total of 289 eyes in 179 patients with narrow occludable angles (NOA) (N = 148), open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension (OAG) (N = 115), or chronic-angle closure glaucoma (CACG) (N = 26) were reviewed.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The difference between preoperative and postoperative IOP, absolute postoperative IOP, and the need for acute IOP-lowering treatment was noted.
RESULTS Only 1.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03%-5.8%; 1 of 94) of patients and 0.7% (95% CI, 0.02%-3.7%; 1 of 148) of eyes with NOA experienced a rise of more than 10 mmHg 1 to 2 hours after LPI. The incidence of postoperative IOP greater than 25 mmHg and acute postoperative IOP-lowering management was 0% (95% CI, 0%-3.8%). Intraocular pressure in 1 of 115 eyes (0.9%, 95% CI, 0.02%-4.7%) with OAG rose more than 10 mmHg, requiring acute treatment. None of the 26 CACG eyes experienced a rise of more than 10 mmHg (95% CI, 0%-13.2%).
CONCLUSION The IOP rise that requires further intervention after LPI with the perioperative use of pilocarpine and apraclonidine is very uncommon. In patients with NOA, routine postiridotomy IOP monitoring may not be required.