Effectiveness of mupirocin and polymyxin B in experimental Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens keratitis.

Dalia Girgis // Publications // Nov 01 2002

PubMed ID: 12410042

Author(s): Moreau JM, Conerly LL, Hume EB, Dajcs JJ, Girgis DO, Cannon BM, Thibodeaux BA, Stroman DW, O’Callaghan RJ. Effectiveness of mupirocin and polymyxin B in experimental Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Serratia marcescens keratitis. Cornea. 2002 Nov;21(8):807-11. PMID 12410042

Journal: Cornea, Volume 21, Issue 8, Nov 2002

PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of mupirocin and polymyxin B, alone and in combination, in vitro and in vivo using rabbit models of, and keratitis.

METHODS Rabbit eyes were intrastromally injected with 1,000 colony-forming units (CFUs) of or or 100 CFUs of Rabbits were then treated with 2.7 mg/mL mupirocin, 10,000 U/mL polymyxin B, a mupirocin:polymyxin B combination, or 0.3% ciprofloxacin. Vehicle and untreated controls were also included. Treatment schedules depended on the strain injected. The number of CFUs was determined for all eyes after treatment.

RESULTS The mupirocin:polymyxin B combination was effective for all three genera both in vitro and in vivo. For keratitis, the mupirocin:polymyxin B combination was more effective than either drug alone and significantly reduced the log number of bacteria in the cornea by more than 3 logs compared with the vehicle or untreated controls (p <or= 0.0016). For, the mupirocin:polymyxin B combination treatment significantly reduced the number of CFUs per cornea relative to the individual drugs, vehicle, or untreated controls (p <or= 0.016). For, the mupirocin:polymyxin B combination therapy significantly reduced the number of bacteria in rabbit corneas relative to the individual drugs, vehicle, or untreated groups (p <or= 0.0001). Therapy with the mupirocin:polymyxin B combination was equivalent to ciprofloxacin therapy (p = 0.80).

CONCLUSION The mupirocin:polymyxin B combination was effective in treating experimental, and keratitis.