Vitamin E deficiency in dogs with retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy.

PubMed ID: 12498409

Author(s): McLellan GJ, Elks R, Lybaert P, Watté C, Moore DL, Bedford PG. Vitamin E deficiency in dogs with retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy. Vet Rec. 2002 Nov 30;151(22):663-7. PMID 12498409

Journal: The Veterinary Record, Volume 151, Issue 22, Nov 2002

The role of vitamin E deficiency in the development of retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy was investigated in 11 cocker spaniels and four other dogs. The concentration of alpha-tocopherol was measured by high performance liquid chromatography in plasma samples obtained from the affected dogs and from 28 ophthalmoscopically normal, healthy control dogs. The mean (sd) plasma alpha-tocopherol concentration in the normal dogs was 20.2 (7.1) microg/ml, compared with 1.14 (0.67) microg/ml in the 11 affected cocker spaniels. The difference between the two groups remained highly significant when the alpha-tocopherol concentrations were expressed relative to the concentrations of the plasma lipids cholesterol and triglycerides. Low plasma concentrations of alpha-tocopherol were observed in the four affected dogs of other breeds, but the finding was not so consistent. The plasma lipid concentrations were normal in the affected dogs. The deficiency of alpha-tocopherol in the affected dogs appeared to be primary, because there was no clinical, biochemical or pathological evidence of underlying disease, or any indication of a dietary deficiency which might have contributed to the low concentrations of alpha-tocopherol.