Author(s): Wang Y, Su X, Sorenson CM, Sheibani N. Tissue-specific distributions of alternatively spliced human PECAM-1 isoforms. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):H1008-17. Epub 2002 Nov 14. PMID 12433657
Journal: American Journal Of Physiology. Heart And Circulatory Physiology, Volume 284, Issue 3, Mar 2003
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) is a cell adhesion molecule that is highly expressed on the surface of endothelial cells and some hematopoietic cells. Its cytoplasmic domain is encoded by multiple exons, which undergo alternative splicing. Here, we demonstrate that the human PECAM-1 cytoplasmic domain undergoes alternative splicing, generating six different isoforms. RT-PCR cloning and DNA sequence analysis indicated that human tissue and endothelial cells express multiple isoforms of PECAM-1, including the full-length PECAM-1 and five other isoforms, which lack exon 12, 13, 14, or 15 or exons 14 and 15. The full-length PECAM-1 is the predominant isoform detected in human tissue and endothelial cells. This is in contrast to murine endothelium, in which the PECAM-1 isoform lacking exons 14 and 15 is the predominant isoform. The PECAM-1 isoform lacking exon 13 detected in human tissue and endothelial cells is absent in murine endothelium. The expression pattern of PECAM-1 isoforms changes during tube formation of endothelial cells on Matrigel, which may indicate specialized roles for specific isoforms of PECAM-1 during angiogenesis. The data presented here demonstrate that human PECAM-1 undergoes alternative splicing, generating multiple isoforms in vascular beds of various tissues. Therefore, the regulated expression of these isoforms may influence endothelial cell adhesive properties during angiogenesis and/or vasculogenesis.