Effects of topical H-7 on outflow facility, intraocular pressure, and corneal thickness in monkeys.

Kaufman Lab // Publications // Aug 01 2004

PubMed ID: 15302658

Author(s): Tian B, Wang RF, Podos SM, Kaufman PL. Effects of topical H-7 on outflow facility, intraocular pressure, and corneal thickness in monkeys. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004 Aug;122(8):1171-7. PMID 15302658

Journal: Archives Of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), Volume 122, Issue 8, Aug 2004

OBJECTIVES To determine if low concentrations of H-7 (1-[5-isoquinoline sulfonyl]-2-methyl piperazine) topically applied to the eye increases outflow facility and decreases intraocular pressure (IOP) without affecting the cornea in monkeys, and to evaluate if the effect of H-7 on IOP is pressure dependent.

METHODS Single or multiple doses of 5% H-7 or vehicle (20 micro L) were administered topically to opposite eyes of normal monkeys. A single dose of 2% H-7 or vehicle (50 micro L) was administered to the glaucomatous eye of monkeys with laser-induced unilateral glaucoma, with vehicle on day 1 and H-7 on day 2.

RESULTS In normotensive eyes, 1 dose of 5% H-7 maximally decreased IOP by a mean +/- SEM of 2.5 +/- 1.0 mm Hg (-16.7% +/- 5.5%) at 3 hours. Higher baseline IOP and repeated dosing were associated with greater IOP reduction. Outflow facility was increased, but central corneal thickness was not affected. In glaucomatous eyes, 1 dose of 2% H-7 maximally decreased IOP by a mean +/- SEM of 5.8 +/- 0.6 mm Hg (-16.9% +/- 1.6%) at 2 hours.

CONCLUSIONS Five percent H-7 increases outflow facility and decreases IOP, but does not affect corneal thickness. Multiple doses of H-7 induce greater reduction of IOP than a single dose. The effect of H-7 on IOP may be pressure dependent. Clinical Relevance Multiple topical treatments with low doses of H-7 or analogues may substantially reduce outflow resistance in the hypertensive eye without meaningfully affecting the cornea.