Author(s): Rothermel TA, Engelhardt B, Sheibani N. Polyoma virus middle-T-transformed PECAM-1 deficient mouse brain endothelial cells proliferate rapidly in culture and form hemangiomas in mice. J Cell Physiol. 2005 Jan;202(1):230-9. PMID 15389523
Journal: Journal Of Cellular Physiology, Volume 202, Issue 1, Jan 2005
Wild-type mouse brain endothelial (bEND) cells transformed with the polyoma virus middle-T proliferate rapidly in culture and form hemangiomas in mice. These cells express high levels of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), a molecule shown to be important during hemangioma formation. In this study, we have examined the ability of polyoma virus middle-T-transformed mouse bEND cells prepared from PECAM-1-/- mice to proliferate in culture and form hemangiomas in mice. We show that these cells express a number of endothelial cell markers and share a similar morphology with PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. PECAM-1-/- bEND cells exhibit a limited ability to form tubes in Matrigel and rapidly form hemangioma when injected into nude mice, very similar to PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. These cells, however, have increased proliferation, slower migration, altered endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression, and are less adherent when compared to PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. Therefore, lack of PECAM-1 expression impacts polyoma middle-T-transformed endothelial cell proliferative, adhesive, and migratory properties without impacting their ability to rapidly form hemangiomas in mice or poorly organize to capillary-like structures in Matrigel.