Author(s): Hallman DM, Huber JC Jr, Gonzalez VH, Klein BE,Klein R, Hanis CL. Familial aggregation of severity of diabetic retinopathy in Mexican Americans from Starr County, Texas. Diabetes Care. 2005 May;28(5):1163-8. PMID 15855583
Journal: Diabetes Care, Volume 28, Issue 5, May 2005
OBJECTIVE Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of blindness. To determine whether retinopathy itself or only its severity aggregates in families, we examined the occurrence and severity of diabetic retinopathy in Mexican-American siblings with type 2 diabetes.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using stereoscopic fundus photography of seven standard fields, we measured retinopathy in 656 type 2 diabetic patients from 282 Mexican-American families from Starr County, Texas. Retinopathy severity was scored using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study system and classified as no retinopathy, early nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR-E), moderate-to-severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR-S), or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).
RESULTS Of 249 siblings of randomly selected probands with retinopathy, 169 (67.9%) had retinopathy, compared with 95 of 125 siblings of unaffected probands (76.0%; P = 0.11). Proband retinopathy class was associated (P = 0.03) with sibling retinopathy class, with significant odds ratios (ORs) for NPDR-E versus no retinopathy (OR 0.57 [95% CI 0.35-0.93]) and PDR versus NPDR-E (2.02 [1.13-3.63]); the contrast of NPDR-S versus NPDR-E approached significance (1.78 [0.99-3.20]). With the more severe classes (PDR and NPDR-S) combined in one group and the less severe ones (none and NPDR-E) in another, more severe proband retinopathy was associated with more severe sibling retinopathy (1.72 [1.03-2.88]).
CONCLUSIONS More severe diabetic retinopathy showed evidence of familial aggregation, but the occurrence of diabetic retinopathy per se did not. The factors involved in the onset of diabetic retinopathy may differ from those involved in its progression to more severe forms.