FGF19 is a target for FOXC1 regulation in ciliary body-derived cells.

Jonathan Skarie // Publications // Nov 01 2006

PubMed ID: 17000708

Author(s): Tamimi Y, Skarie JM, Footz T, Berry FB, Link BA, Walter MA. FGF19 is a target for FOXC1 regulation in ciliary body-derived cells. Hum Mol Genet. 2006 Nov 1;15(21):3229-40. Epub 2006 Sep 25. PMID 17000708

Journal: Human Molecular Genetics, Volume 15, Issue 21, Nov 2006

The forkhead C1 (FOXC1) transcription factor is involved in the development and regulation of several organs, including the eye, where FOXC1 alterations cause iris, trabecular meshwork and corneal anomalies. Using nickel agarose chromatin enrichment with human anterior segment cells, we previously identified the fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) locus as a gene potentially regulated by FOXC1. Here, we demonstrate that FGF19 is a direct target of FOXC1 in the eye. FOXC1 positively regulates FGF19 expression in corneal and periocular mesenchymal cells in cell culture and in zebrafish embryos. Through the FGFR4 tyrosine kinase, FGF19 promotes MAPK phosphorylation in the developing and mature cornea. During development, loss of either FOXC1 or FGF19 results in complementary, but distinct, anterior segment dysgeneses. This study reveals an important role for FOXC1 in the direct regulation of the FGF19-FGFR4-MAPK pathway to promote both the development and maintenance of anterior segment structures within the eye.