Author(s): Looker HC, Nelson RG, Chew E, Klein R,Klein BE, Knowler WC, Hanson RL. Genome-wide linkage analyses to identify loci for diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes. 2007 Apr;56(4):1160-6. PMID 17395753
Journal: Diabetes, Volume 56, Issue 4, Apr 2007
Hyperglycemia and long duration of diabetes are widely recognized risk factors for diabetic retinopathy, but inherited susceptibility may also play a role because retinopathy aggregates in families. A genome-wide linkage analysis was conducted in 211 sibships in which > or =2 siblings had diabetes and retinal photographs were available from a longitudinal study. These sibships were a subset of 322 sibships who had participated in a previous linkage study of diabetes and related traits; they comprised 607 diabetic individuals in 725 sibpairs. Retinal photographs were graded for presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy according to a modification of the Airlie House classification system. The grade for the worse eye was adjusted for age, sex, and diabetes duration and analyzed as a quantitative trait. Heritability of diabetic retinopathy in this group was 18% (95% CI 2-36). A genome-wide linkage analysis using variance components modeling found evidence of linkage on chromosome 1p. Using single-point analysis, the peak logarithm of odds (LOD) was 3.1 for marker D1S3669 (34.2 cM), whereas with multipoint analysis the peak LOD was 2.58 at 35 cM. No other areas of suggestive linkage were found. We propose that an area on chromosome 1 may harbor a gene or genes conferring susceptibility to diabetic retinopathy.