Feline conjunctival melanoma: histopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes.

PubMed ID: 20149175

Author(s): Schobert CS, Labelle P, Dubielzig RR. Feline conjunctival melanoma: histopathological characteristics and clinical outcomes. Vet Ophthalmol. 2010 Jan;13(1):43-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-5224.2009.00758.x. PMID 20149175

Journal: Veterinary Ophthalmology, Volume 13, Issue 1, Jan 2010

PURPOSE We report on the histopathology and clinical features of 21 cases of feline conjunctival melanoma.

METHODS A total of 18 cases are from the COPLOW collection and three cases from Antech Diagnostics. We tabulated the location of the tumor, pigmentation, cell shape, mitotic index and presence of multinucleated tumor cells. Surveys were sent to referring ophthalmologists to obtain further information about each case.

RESULTS The mean age of the cats was 12.4 years. A total of 11 cases were neutered males, six spayed females, and one each of intact female and male. Thirteen of the 21 cases were located on the bulbar conjunctiva, three on third eyelid only, three on palpebral conjunctiva. Sixteen tumors were pigmented while five were amelanotic. Seventeen of the cases consisted of round cell only while four cases were mixed populations of round and spindle cell. Fourteen of the cases contained multinucleated cells. The mitotic index ranged from 0 to 45 mitotic figures/10 HPF. Of the 13 cases with adequate follow-up information, four showed local recurrence while three reported metastasis. Eight cats had died at the time of the survey. Survival time post-diagnosis ranged from 0.5 to 36 months. Two cases had metastasized to the submandibular lymph nodes and in a third case, an abdominal mass was detected.

CONCLUSIONS Feline conjunctival melanoma is most frequently found on the bulbar conjunctiva, are mostly round cells and suggest that conjunctival melanoma in cats has a poorer long term prognosis than the same neoplasm in dogs.