Inhibitory effects of arresten on bFGF-induced proliferation, migration, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 activation in mouse retinal endothelial cells.

Publications // Sheibani Lab // Jan 01 2010

PubMed ID: 20021254

Author(s): Boosani CS, Nalabothula N, Sheibani N, Sudhakar A. Inhibitory effects of arresten on bFGF-induced proliferation, migration, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 activation in mouse retinal endothelial cells. Curr Eye Res. 2010 Jan;35(1):45-55. doi: 10.3109/02713680903374208. PMID 20021254

Journal: Current Eye Research, Volume 35, Issue 1, Jan 2010

PURPOSE The potential role of arresten (alpha1(IV)NC1) as an endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor in the prevention of bFGF mediated retinal angiogenesis and regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 activation has not been explored.

METHODS Mouse retinal endothelial cells (MREC) were cultured on type IV collagen and treated with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) alone or in the presence of arresten at concentrations ranging from 1 to 10 microg/ml. The proliferation of MRECs were evaluated using 3(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetric assay, and bFGF stimulated endothelial cell migration was assessed using Boyden chamber. Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) was assessed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis using RNA isolated from MRECs. Secretion and activation of MMP-2 in arresten-treated conditioned MREC growth medium was determined by gelatin zymography and Western blotting.

RESULTS Different doses of bFGF induced MREC proliferation was significantly inhibited upon arresten treatment (P < 0.005). The bFGF-induced migration was significantly inhibited by arresten at 1 and 10 microg/ml concentrations (P < 0.01). The bFGF stimulated expression of MMP-2 mRNA and secretion of MMP-2 in MREC was not affected and interestingly activation of MMP-2 was suppressed by arresten in a dose and time dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS Inhibitory effects of arresten on proliferation, migration and MMP-2 activation but not on expression and secretion of MMP-2 in MREC; this early work with arresten supports potential therapeutic action in retinal neovascularization dependent disorders.