Author(s): Ambrosius WT, Danis RP, Goff DC Jr, Greven CM, Gerstein HC, Cohen RM, Riddle MC, Miller ME, Buse JB, Bonds DE, Peterson KA, Rosenberg YD, Perdue LH, Esser BA, Seaquist LA, Felicetta JV, Chew EY; ACCORD Study Group. Lack of association between thiazolidinediones and macular edema in type 2 diabetes: the ACCORD eye substudy. Arch Ophthalmol. 2010 Mar;128(3):312-8. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2009.310. PMID 20212201
Journal: Archives Of Ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), Volume 128, Issue 3, Mar 2010
OBJECTIVE To assess the cross-sectional association of thiazolidinediones with diabetic macular edema (DME).
METHODS The cross-sectional association of DME and visual acuity with thiazolidinediones was examined by means of baseline fundus photographs and visual acuity measurements from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial. Visual acuity was assessed in 9690 participants in the ACCORD trial, and 3473 of these participants had fundus photographs that were centrally read in a standardized fashion by masked graders to assess DME and retinopathy from October 23, 2003, to March 10, 2006.
RESULTS Among the subsample, 695 (20.0%) people had used thiazolidinediones, whereas 217 (6.2%) people had DME. Thiazolidinedione use was not associated with DME in unadjusted (odds ratio [OR], 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.71-1.44; P = .95) and adjusted (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.67-1.40; P = .86) analyses. Significant associations with DME were found for retinopathy severity (P < .001) and age (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.952-0.997; P = .03) but not for hemoglobin A(1c) (P = .06), duration of diabetes (P = .65), sex (P = .72), and ethnicity (P = .20). Thiazolidinedione use was associated with slightly greater visual acuity (0.79 letter; 95% CI, 0.20-1.38; P = .009) of uncertain clinical significance.
CONCLUSIONS In a cross-sectional analysis of data from the largest study to date, no association was observed between thiazolidinedione exposure and DME in patients with type 2 diabetes; however, we cannot exclude a modest protective or harmful association. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00542178.