Anterior uveal spindle cell tumor in a cat.

PubMed ID: 21182724

Author(s): Evans PM, Lynch GL, Dubielzig RR. Anterior uveal spindle cell tumor in a cat. Vet Ophthalmol. 2010 Nov;13(6):387-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-5224.2010.00837.x. PMID 21182724

Journal: Veterinary Ophthalmology, Volume 13, Issue 6, Nov 2010

PURPOSE To describe a case of anterior uveal spindle cell tumor in a cat with features similar to spindle cell tumor of blue eyed dogs.

METHODS A 10-year-old female spayed domestic short-haired cat was referred for an iris mass OS. The mass was solitary, nodular, nonpigmented, located medially, and causing dyscoria. A diagnosis of a benign epithelial tumor was suggested by a FNA of the mass. The cat was lost to follow-up for 2 years, after which time she re-presented with glaucoma, blindness and grossly evident iridal mass enlargement OS. Transconjunctival enucleation was performed and the globe submitted for histopathology.

RESULTS Histopathology of the enucleated globe revealed the superior iris to be infiltrated and effaced by a large population of neoplastic spindle cells. The cells were arranged in streams and bundles and exhibited Antoni-A and Antoni-B tissue patterns, which are characteristic of Schwann cell tumors. Mitotic figures were rare and cellular pleomorphism moderate. Immunohistochemical staining was positive for S-100 protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and negative for Melan-A. Interestingly, there was no histological evidence of glaucoma.

CONCLUSIONS Based on its histopathologic characteristics, this iris tumor was diagnosed as a Schwann cell variant of a peripheral nerve sheath tumor (PNST) closely resembling the spindle cell tumor of blue-eyed dogs. Anterior uveal PNST has not been previously reported in cats to the authors’ knowledge. The presence of Antoni type A and type B tissue patterns along with immunohistochemical staining may facilitate a diagnosis of PNST and rule out malignant melanoma.

© 2010 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.