PubMed ID: 20656893
Author(s): Grutzmacher C, Park S, Elmergreen TL, Tang Y, Scheef EA, Sheibani N, Sorenson CM. Opposing effects of bim and bcl-2 on lung endothelial cell migration. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2010 Nov;299(5):L607-20. doi: 10.1152/ajplung.00390.2009. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID 20656893
Journal: American Journal Of Physiology. Lung Cellular And Molecular Physiology, Volume 299, Issue 5, Nov 2010
Integration of cell adhesive, survival, and proliferative processes is essential for capillary morphogenesis of endothelial cells (EC) in vitro and vascular development and function in vivo. Unfortunately, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that impact these processes are poorly defined. Here we examined how lack of bim and/or bcl-2 expression impact lung EC function. The absence of bcl-2 or bim had a significant impact on EC adhesion and migration. Lack of bcl-2 expression decreased lung EC migration, whereas lack of bim expression increased migration compared with their wild-type counterparts. Decreased adhesion to fibronectin and vitronectin was observed in both bcl-2-/- and bim-/- lung EC, with bcl-2-/- EC having very little adhesion to either matrix protein. Capillary morphogenesis was greatly diminished in bcl-2-/- EC, which correlated with decreased lung alveolarization in vivo, an angiogenesis-dependent process. We also observed aberrant production of extracellular matrix proteins, eNOS expression, and nitric oxide production in bcl-2-/- lung EC, which could contribute to inability to undergo capillary morphogenesis. The changes in cell adhesion and migration noted in the absence of bim or bcl-2 were independent of their impact on apoptosis. We observed no significant affect on the steady-state rate of apoptosis of lung EC in the absence of bim or bcl-2. Thus, bcl-2 family members, bim and bcl-2, play a central role in modulation of EC proangiogenic properties, which goes beyond their role as simple mediators of mitochondrial homeostasis and apoptosis.