Physical activity, television viewing time, and retinal microvascular caliber: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.

Kleins Lab // Publications // Mar 01 2011

PubMed ID: 21300854

Author(s): Anuradha S, Healy GN, Dunstan DW, Klein R, Klein BE, Cotch MF, Wong TY, Owen N. Physical activity, television viewing time, and retinal microvascular caliber: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Mar 1;173(5):518-25. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwq412. Epub 2011 Feb 7. PMID 21300854

Journal: American Journal Of Epidemiology, Volume 173, Issue 5, Mar 2011

Physical activities and sedentary behaviors are 2 broad classes of behavior that may be clearly distinguished from each other and have different patterns of determinants. The authors examined the associations of physical activity and television viewing time with retinal vascular caliber among US adults (n = 5,893) from 4 racial/ethnic groups in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2002-2004) that included non-Hispanic whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Chinese. Physical activity and television viewing time were assessed by using a questionnaire, and vascular calibers (arteriolar and venular) were measured from digital retinal photographs. Those in the lowest quartile of physical activity had wider retinal venular caliber compared with those in the highest quartile in multivariate models adjusted for demographic, cardiovascular, behavioral, and inflammatory risk factors. This was noted in non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics but not in blacks or Chinese. For television viewing time, non-Hispanic whites (but not the other racial/ethnic groups) who were in the highest quartile of television viewing time had wider retinal venular caliber compared with those in the lowest quartile. No associations were noted with arteriolar caliber. Lower levels of physical activity (among non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics) and higher levels of television viewing time (among whites) are associated with wider retinal venules.