Tinnitus and its risk factors in the Beaver Dam offspring study.

Cruickshanks Lab // Kleins Lab // Publications // May 01 2011

PubMed ID: 21309642

Author(s): Nondahl DM, Cruickshanks KJ, Huang GH, Klein BE, Klein R, Nieto FJ, Tweed TS. Tinnitus and its risk factors in the Beaver Dam Offspring Study. Int J Audiol. 2011 May;50(5):313-20. doi: 10.3109/14992027.2010.551220. Epub 2011 Feb 10. PMID 21309642

Journal: International Journal Of Audiology, Volume 50, Issue 5, May 2011

OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of tinnitus along with factors potentially associated with having tinnitus.

DESIGN Data were from the Beaver Dam Offspring Study, an epidemiological cohort study of aging.

STUDY SAMPLE After a personal interview and audiometric examination, participants (n = 3267, ages 21-84 years) were classified as having tinnitus if in the past year they reported having tinnitus of at least moderate severity or that caused difficulty in falling asleep.

RESULTS The prevalence of tinnitus was 10.6%. In a multivariable logistic regression model adjusting for age and sex, the following factors were associated with having tinnitus: hearing impairment (Odds Ratio (OR) = 3.20), currently having a loud job (OR = 1.90), history of head injury (OR = 1.84), depressive symptoms (OR = 1.82), history of ear infection (men, OR = 1.75), history of target shooting (OR = 1.56), arthritis (OR = 1.46), and use of NSAID medications (OR = 1.33). For women, ever drinking alcohol in the past year was associated with a decreased risk of having tinnitus (OR = 0.56).

CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that tinnitus is a common symptom in this cohort and may be associated with some modifiable risk factors.