Author(s): Rutz-Mendicino MM, Snella EM, Jens JK, Gandolfi B, Carlson SA, Kuehn MH, McLellan GJ, Ellinwood NM. Removal of potentially confounding phenotypes from a Siamese-derived feline glaucoma breeding colony. Comp Med. 2011 Jun;61(3):251-7. PMID 21819695
Journal: Comparative Medicine, Volume 61, Issue 3, Jun 2011
Feline breeding colonies face genetic constraints involving founder effects. A Siamese-founded colony used to study primary congenital glaucoma displayed coat colors additional to the Siamese coat. Genes affecting pigment can exhibit pleiotropy on ocular development and function. To remove potentially confounding phenotypes from our colony, we documented the source and frequency of the Siamese allele at the gene for tyrosinase (TYR), the dilution allele at melanophilin (MLPH), and the brown allele at tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1). We used PCR-RFLP diagnostics to genotype cats in our colony for the published alleles. A commercially acquired phenotypically normal tom was the source of the dilute allele. A founding Siamese queen was the source of the brown allele. Founders also were blood-typed and screened for disease-associated alleles segregating in Siamese cats at 3 loci (ASB, GLB1, and CEP290). Siamese founders were normal at all loci except ASB, at which both animals carried the hypomorpic allele. Current stock is being managed to limit production of glaucomatous cats with brown, dilute, or Siamese phenotypes or homozygosity for the ASB hypomorphic allele. Genotyping will aid in the elimination of these alleles. The clinical effect of these phenotypes and alleles on the glaucoma phenotype is uncertain, but their elimination will remove potentially confounding effects. In conclusion, when founding a colony, stock should be selected or screened to limit potentially confounding phenotypes. When studying the immune, nervous, and visual systems, screening stock for alleles known to be associated with coat color may be warranted.
Copyright 2011 by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science