Author(s): Godara P, Cooper RF, Sergouniotis PI, Diederichs MA, Streb MR, Genead MA, McAnany JJ, Webster AR, Moore AT, Dubis AM, Neitz M, Dubra A, Stone EM, Fishman GA, Han DP, Michaelides M, Carroll J. Assessing retinal structure in complete congenital stationary night blindness and Oguchi disease. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012 Dec;154(6):987-1001.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2012.06.003. Epub 2012 Sep 7. PMID 22959359
Journal: American Journal Of Ophthalmology, Volume 154, Issue 6, Dec 2012
PURPOSE To examine retinal structure and changes in photoreceptor intensity after dark adaptation in patients with complete congenital stationary night blindness and Oguchi disease.
DESIGN Prospective, observational case series.
METHODS We recruited 3 patients with complete congenital stationary night blindness caused by mutations in GRM6, 2 brothers with Oguchi disease caused by mutations in GRK1, and 1 normal control. Retinal thickness was measured from optical coherence tomography images. Integrity of the rod and cone mosaic was assessed using adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy. We imaged 5 of the patients after a period of dark adaptation and examined layer reflectivity on optical coherence tomography in a patient with Oguchi disease under light- and dark-adapted conditions.
RESULTS Retinal thickness was reduced in the parafoveal region in patients with GRM6 mutations as a result of decreased thickness of the inner retinal layers. All patients had normal photoreceptor density at all locations analyzed. On removal from dark adaptation, the intensity of the rods (but not cones) in the patients with Oguchi disease gradually and significantly increased. In 1 Oguchi disease patient, the outer segment layer contrast on optical coherence tomography was 4-fold higher under dark-adapted versus light-adapted conditions.
CONCLUSIONS The selective thinning of the inner retinal layers in patients with GRM6 mutations suggests either reduced bipolar or ganglion cell numbers or altered synaptic structure in the inner retina. Our finding that rods, but not cones, change intensity after dark adaptation suggests that fundus changes in Oguchi disease are the result of changes within the rods as opposed to changes at a different retinal locus.