Glaucoma screening: current perspectives and future directions.

Anna Momont // Publications // May 01 2013

PubMed ID: 23697622

Author(s): Momont AC, Mills RP. Glaucoma screening: current perspectives and future directions. Semin Ophthalmol. 2013 May;28(3):185-90. doi: 10.3109/08820538.2013.771200. Review. PMID 23697622

Journal: Seminars In Ophthalmology, Volume 28, Issue 3, May 2013

INTRODUCTION Glaucoma is an optic neuropathy with characteristic progressive optic nerve degeneration. Early detection and treatment may prevent blindness; however, the value of glaucoma screening has been debated.

METHODS Articles pertaining to glaucoma screening were reviewed.

RESULTS In reviewing the glaucoma literature, there is a lack of a sensitive and specific screening test and concerns over cost-effectiveness. Methods of screening include population-based screening and opportunistic case finding, which both have advantages and disadvantages.

CONCLUSIONS Additional research is needed to better understand glaucoma progression as well as to identify improved screening tests. Consideration must be given not only to the feasibility of performing a glaucoma screening, but also to the follow-up and long-term care for glaucoma patients.