Inhibition of EGF signaling protects the diabetic retina from insulin-induced vascular leakage.

Kleins Lab // Publications // Sep 01 2013

PubMed ID: 23831329

Author(s): Sugimoto M, Cutler A, Shen B, Moss SE, Iyengar SK, Klein R, Folkman J, Anand-Apte B. Inhibition of EGF signaling protects the diabetic retina from insulin-induced vascular leakage. Am J Pathol. 2013 Sep;183(3):987-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.05.017. Epub 2013 Jul 3. PMID 23831329

Journal: The American Journal Of Pathology, Volume 183, Issue 3, Sep 2013

Diabetes mellitus is a disease with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier and leakage from the retinal vasculature leads to diabetic macular edema, an important cause of vision loss in patients with diabetes. Although epidemiologic studies and randomized clinical trials suggest that glycemic control plays a major role in the development of vascular complications of diabetes, insulin therapies for control of glucose metabolism cannot prevent long-term retinal complications. The phenomenon of temporary paradoxical worsening of diabetic macular edema after insulin treatment has been observed in a number of studies. In prospective studies on non-insulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes mellitus patients, a change in treatment from oral drugs to insulin was often associated with a significant increased risk of retinopathy progression and visual impairment. Although insulin therapies are critical for regulation of the metabolic disease, their role in the retina is controversial. In this study with diabetic mice, insulin treatment resulted in increased vascular leakage apparently mediated by betacellulin and signaling via the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. In addition, treatment with EGF receptor inhibitors reduced retinal vascular leakage in diabetic mice on insulin. These findings provide unique insight into the role of insulin signaling in mediating retinal effects in diabetes and open new avenues for therapeutics to treat the retinal complications of diabetes mellitus.

Copyright © 2013 American Society for Investigative Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.