Shaken adult syndrome: report of 2 cases.

PubMed ID: 24077385

Author(s): Azari AA, Kanavi MR, Saipe NB, Potter HD, Albert DM, Stier MA. Shaken adult syndrome: report of 2 cases. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013 Nov;131(11):1468-70. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2013.5073. PMID 24077385

Journal: Jama Ophthalmology, Volume 131, Issue 11, Nov 2013

IMPORTANCE To establish that the intracranial and ophthalmologic findings present in victims of abusive head trauma can also be seen in shaken adults.

OBSERVATIONS We report 2 cases of shaken adults with intracranial and ophthalmologic findings that resulted from repetitive acceleration-deceleration injury. These findings included intracranial hemorrhages, hemorrhages involving the optic nerve sheath, intraretinal and subretinal hemorrhages, and macular folds.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE The intracranial and ophthalmologic findings that are characteristic of abusive head trauma–subdural hemorrhages, optic nerve sheath hemorrhages, and retinal hemorrhages–are generally thought to be limited to young children and infants. Adults may also be victims of shaking abuse, and an ophthalmic examination may be beneficial when shaking is suspected.