The role of integrins in the trabecular meshwork.

PubMed ID: 24266581

Author(s): Gagen D, Faralli JA, Filla MS, Peters DM. The role of integrins in the trabecular meshwork. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Mar-Apr;30(2-3):110-20. doi: 10.1089/jop.2013.0176. Epub 2013 Nov 23. Review. PMID 24266581

Journal: Journal Of Ocular Pharmacology And Therapeutics : The Official Journal Of The Association For Ocular Pharmacology And Therapeutics, Volume 30, Issue 2 3, 2014

Integrins are a family of heterodimeric transmembrane receptors that mediate adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM). However, integrins are not just adhesion receptors. They can act as “bidirectional signal transducers” that coordinate a large number of cellular activities in response to the extracellular environment and intracellular signaling events. Among the activities regulated by integrins are cell adhesion, assembly of the ECM, growth factor signaling, apoptosis, organization of the cytoskeleton, and cytoskeleton-mediated processes such as contraction, endocytosis, and phagocytosis. Integrins regulate these activities through a complex network of intracellular signaling kinases and adaptor proteins that associate with the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of the integrin subunits. In this review, we will discuss how some of the known integrin-mediated activities can control the function of the trabecular meshwork. We will also discuss how integrin activity is a tightly regulated process that involves conformation changes within the heterodimer which are mediated by specific integrin-binding proteins.