Reproductive windows, genetic loci, and breast cancer risk.

PubMed ID: 24792587

Author(s): Warren Andersen S, Trentham-Dietz A, Gangnon RE, Hampton JM, Figueroa JD, Skinner HG, Engelman CD, Klein BE, Titus LJ, Egan KM, Newcomb PA. Reproductive windows, genetic loci, and breast cancer risk. Ann Epidemiol. 2014 May;24(5):376-82. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2014.02.007. Epub 2014 Mar 2. PMID 24792587

Journal: Annals Of Epidemiology, Volume 24, Issue 5, May 2014

PURPOSE The reproductive windows between age at menarche and age at first birth (standardized age at first birth) and from menarche to menopause (reproductive lifespan) may interact with genetic variants in association with breast cancer risk.

METHODS We assessed this hypothesis in 6131 breast cancer cases and 7274 controls who participated in the population-based Collaborative Breast Cancer Study. Risk factor information was collected through telephone interviews, and DNA samples were collected on a subsample (N= 1484 cases, 1307 controls) to genotype for 13 genome-wide association study-identified loci. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated, and P values for the interaction between reproductive windows and genotypes were obtained by adding cross-product terms to statistical models.

RESULTS For standardized age at first birth, the OR was 1.52 (CI, 1.36-1.71) comparing the highest quintile with the lowest quintile. Carrier status for rs10941679 (5p12) and rs10483813 (RAD51B) appeared to modify this relationship (P = .04 and P = .02, respectively). For reproductive lifespan, the OR comparing the highest quintile with the lowest quintiles was 1.62 (CI, 1.35-1.95). No interactions were detected between genotype and reproductive lifespan (all P > .05). All results were similar regardless of ductal versus lobular breast cancer subtype.

CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that the reproductive windows are associated with breast cancer risk and that associations may vary by genetic variants.

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