Validation of the colour difference plot scoring system analysis of the 103 hexagon multifocal electroretinogram in the evaluation of hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity.

Kimberly Stepien // Publications // Aug 01 2014

PubMed ID: 25043791

Author(s): Graves GS, Adam MK, Stepien KE, Han DP. Validation of the colour difference plot scoring system analysis of the 103 hexagon multifocal electroretinogram in the evaluation of hydroxychloroquine retinal toxicity. Acta Ophthalmol. 2014 Aug;92(5):e377-81. doi: 10.1111/aos.12353. Epub 2014 Feb 7. PMID 25043791

Journal: Acta Ophthalmologica, Volume 92, Issue 5, Aug 2014

PURPOSE To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and reproducibility of colour difference plot analysis (CDPA) of 103 hexagon multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) in detecting established hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinal toxicity.

METHODS Twenty-three patients taking HCQ were divided into those with and without retinal toxicity and were compared with a control group without retinal disease and not taking HCQ. CDPA with two masked examiners was performed using age-corrected mfERG responses in the central ring (Rc ; 0-5.5 degrees from fixation) and paracentral ring (Rp ; 5.5-11 degrees from fixation). An abnormal ring was defined as containing any hexagons with a difference in two or more standard deviations from normal (colour blue or black).

RESULTS Categorical analysis (ring involvement or not) showed Rc had 83% sensitivity and 93% specificity. Rp had 89% sensitivity and 82% specificity. Requiring abnormal hexagons in both Rc and Rp yielded sensitivity and specificity of 83% and 95%, respectively. If required in only one ring, they were 89% and 80%, respectively. In this population, there was complete agreement in identifying toxicity when comparing CDPA using Rp with ring ratio analysis using R5/R4 P1 ring responses (89% sensitivity and 95% specificity). Continuous analysis of CDPA with receiver operating characteristic analysis showed optimized detection (83% sensitivity and 96% specificity) when ≥4 abnormal hexagons were present anywhere within the Rp ring outline. Intergrader agreement and reproducibility were good.

CONCLUSIONS Colour difference plot analysis had sensitivity and specificity that approached that of ring ratio analysis of R5/R4 P₁ responses. Ease of implementation and reproducibility are notable advantages of CDPA.

© 2014 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.