Assessment of perfused foveal microvascular density and identification of nonperfused capillaries in healthy and vasculopathic eyes.

Alfredo Dubra // Publications // Nov 20 2014

PubMed ID: 25414179

Author(s): Pinhas A, Razeen M, Dubow M, Gan A, Chui TY, Shah N, Mehta M, Gentile RC, Weitz R, Walsh JB, Sulai YN, Carroll J, Dubra A, Rosen RB. Assessment of perfused foveal microvascular density and identification of nonperfused capillaries in healthy and vasculopathic eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Nov 20;55(12):8056-66. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-15136. PMID 25414179

Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Volume 55, Issue 12, Nov 2014

PURPOSE To analyze the foveal microvasculature of young healthy eyes and older vasculopathic eyes, imaged using in vivo adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscope fluorescein angiography (AOSLO FA).

METHODS AOSLO FA imaging of the superficial retinal microvasculature within an 800-μm radius from the foveal center was performed using simultaneous confocal infrared (IR) reflectance (790 nm) and fluorescence (488 nm) channels. Corresponding IR structural and FA perfusion maps were compared with each other to identify nonperfused capillaries adjacent to the foveal avascular zone. Microvascular densities were calculated from skeletonized FA perfusion maps.

RESULTS Sixteen healthy adults (26 eyes; mean age 25 years, range, 21-29) and six patients with a retinal vasculopathy (six eyes; mean age 55 years, range, 44-70) were imaged. At least one nonperfused capillary was observed in five of the 16 healthy nonfellow eyes and in four of the six vasculopathic eyes. Compared with healthy eyes, capillary nonperfusion in the vasculopathic eyes was more extensive. Microvascular density of the 16 healthy nonfellow eyes was 42.0 ± 4.2 mm(-1) (range, 33-50 mm(-1)). All six vasculopathic eyes had decreased microvascular densities.

CONCLUSIONS AOSLO FA provides an in vivo method for estimating foveal microvascular density and reveals occult nonperfused retinal capillaries. Nonperfused capillaries in healthy young adults may represent a normal variation and/or an early sign of pathology. Although limited, the normative data presented here is a step toward developing clinically useful microvascular parameters for ocular and/or systemic diseases.

Copyright 2014 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.