Squamous Papillomas of the Conjunctiva in Dogs: A Condition Not Associated With Papillomavirus Infection.

PubMed ID: 25352202

Author(s): Beckwith-Cohen B, Teixeira LB, Ramos-Vara JA, Dubielzig RR. Squamous papillomas of the conjunctiva in dogs: a condition not associated with papillomavirus infection. Vet Pathol. 2015 Jul;52(4):676-80. doi: 10.1177/0300985814556185. Epub 2014 Oct 28. PMID 25352202

Journal: Veterinary Pathology, Volume 52, Issue 4, Jul 2015

Papillomas of the conjunctival surface in people can be of viral or nonviral origin and are found in high association with human papillomavirus. Canine conjunctival papillomas are seldom described, and published accounts have mostly been associated with canine oral papillomavirus infection. Here, we describe conjunctival squamous papillomas that do not express papillomavirus proteins and compare them with papillomavirus-associated conjunctival papillomas. Conjunctival squamous papillomas presented a distinct histopathologic profile and lacked the cytopathic effects seen in viral papillomas. They appeared as exophytic, papilliferous, pedunculated lesions with delicate fronds and angular terminal margins. Squamous papillomas presented with a delicate fibrovascular core and were associated both clinically and grossly with a feeder vessel. Pigmentation was variable within the epithelium and stroma of these lesions, and inflammatory infiltrates were characteristically minimal. Conjunctival squamous papillomas resembled squamous papillomas of the skin; however, they lacked significant hyperkeratosis. Compared with conjunctival viral papillomas, these masses occurred in older dogs and were smaller and solitary. Furthermore, polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry failed to demonstrate papillomavirus genetic material and antigens in conjunctival squamous papillomas. Both viral and nonviral conjunctival papillomas were considered benign.

© The Author(s) 2014.