Visible light optical coherence tomography measures retinal oxygen metabolic response to systemic oxygenation.

Publications // Sheibani Lab // Sep 01 2015

PubMed ID: 26658555

Author(s): Yi J, Liu W, Chen S, Backman V, Sheibani N, Sorenson CM, Fawzi AA, Linsenmeier RA, Zhang HF. Visible light optical coherence tomography measures retinal oxygen metabolic response to systemic oxygenation. Light Sci Appl. 2015 Sep;4(9). pii: e334. Epub 2015 Sep 25. PMID 26658555

Journal: Light, Science & Applications, Volume 4, Issue 9, Sep 2015

The lack of capability to quantify oxygen metabolism noninvasively impedes both fundamental investigation and clinical diagnosis of a wide spectrum of diseases including all the major blinding diseases such as age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. Using visible light optical coherence tomography (vis-OCT), we demonstrated accurate and robust measurement of retinal oxygen metabolic rate (rMRO2) noninvasively in rat eyes. We continuously monitored the regulatory response of oxygen consumption to a progressive hypoxic challenge. We found that both oxygen delivery, and rMRO2 increased from the highly regulated retinal circulation (RC) under hypoxia, by 0.28 ± 0.08 μL min-1 (p < 0.001), and 0.20 ± 0.04 μL min-1 (p < 0.001) per 100 mmHg systemic pO2 reduction, respectively. The increased oxygen extraction compensated for the deficient oxygen supply from the poorly regulated choroidal circulation. Results from an oxygen diffusion model based on previous oxygen electrode measurements corroborated our in vivo observations. We believe that vis-OCT has the potential to reveal the fundamental role of oxygen metabolism in various retinal diseases.