Author(s):McLellan GJ, Aktas Z, Hennes-Beean E, Kolb AW, Larsen IV, Schmitz EJ, Clausius HR, Yang J, Hwang SH, Morisseau C, Inceoglu B, Hammock BD, Brandt CR. Effect of a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor, UC1728, on LPS-induced uveitis in the rabbit. J Ocul Biol. 2016 Jan;4(1). doi: 10.13188/2334-2838.1000024. Epub 2016 Jan 12. PMID 28066796
Journal: Journal Of Ocular Biology, Volume 4, Issue 1, Jan 2016
Cytochrome P450 epoxygenase isozymes convert free arachidonic acid into eicosanoids named epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) that have roles in regulating inflammation. EETs are rapidly converted to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DiHETs) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). Little is known about the potential role of these metabolites in uveitis, but conversion of EETs to DiHETs could contribute to the inflammation. We tested a potent and orally available inhibitor of sEH for its ability to reduce ocular inflammation in a rabbit LPS-induced model of uveitis. Rabbits were treated by subcutaneous injection with the sEH inhibitor (UC1728, 3 mg/kg), or the vehicle control (PEG400) and uveitis was assessed at 6, 24 and 48 h post-intracameral LPS injection using a modified Hackett-McDonald scoring system. Eyes treated by intra-cameral injection of PBS, or by aseptic preparation served as further controls. Signs of inflammation in this model were mild and transient. Treatment with UC1728 did not significantly reduce inflammation compared to animals treated with the PEG400 vehicle. Blood levels of UC1728 were a thousand fold higher than the in vitro determined inhibitory potency (IC50) of the compound suggesting a significant degree of inhibition of sEH in the rabbit. The lack of efficacy suggests that sEH or its substrates the EETs may not be involved in mediating inflammation in this model of uveitis.