Dlg-1 Interacts With and Regulates the Activities of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors and EphA2 in the Mouse Lens.

Anne Griep // Publications // Feb 01 2016

PubMed ID: 26906157

Author(s): Lee S, Shatadal S, Griep AE. Dlg-1 interacts with and regulates the activities of fibroblast growth factor receptors and EphA2 in the mouse lens. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Feb;57(2):707-18. doi: 10.1167/iovs.15-17727. PMID 26906157

Journal: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Volume 57, Issue 2, Feb 2016

PURPOSE We previously showed that Discs large-1 (Dlg-1) regulates lens fiber cell structure and the fibroblast growth factor receptor (Fgfr) signaling pathway, a pathway required for fiber cell differentiation. Herein, we investigated the mechanism through which Dlg-1 regulates Fgfr signaling.

METHODS Immunofluorescence was used to measure levels of Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and activated Fgfr signaling intermediates, pErk and pAkt, in control and Dlg-1-deficient lenses that were haplodeficient for Fgfr1 or Fgfr2. Immunoblotting was used to measure levels of N-cadherin, EphA2, β-catenin, and tyrosine-phosphorylated EphA2, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3 in cytoskeletal-associated and cytosolic fractions of control and Dlg-1-deficient lenses. Complex formation between Dlg-1, N-cadherin, β-catenin, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, Fgfr3, and EphA2 was assessed by coimmunoprecipitation.

RESULTS Lenses deficient for Dlg-1 and haplodeficient for Fgfr1 or Fgfr2 showed increased levels of Fgfr2 or Fgfr1, respectively. Levels of pErk and pAkt correlated with the level of Fgfr2. N-cadherin was reduced in the cytoskeletal-associated fraction and increased in the cytosolic fraction of Dlg-1-deficient lenses. Dlg-1 complexed with β-catenin, EphA2, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3. EphA2 complexed with N-cadherin, β-catenin, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3. Levels of these interactions were altered in Dlg-1-deficient lenses. Loss of Dlg-1 led to changes in Fgfr1, Fgfr2, Fgfr3, and EphA2 levels and to greater changes in the levels of their activation.

CONCLUSIONS Dlg-1 complexes with and regulates the activities of EphA2, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3. As EphA2 contains a Psd95/Dlg/ZO-1 (PDZ) binding motif, whereas Fgfrs do not, we propose that the PDZ protein, Dlg-1, modulates Fgfr signaling through regulation of EphA2.