Author(s): Janus DA, Lieven CJ, Crowe ME, Levin LA. Polyester-based microdisc systems for sustained release of neuroprotective phosphine-borane complexes. Pharm Dev Technol. 2018 Nov;23(9):882-889. doi: 10.1080/10837450.2017.1333516. Epub 2017 Jun 9.
Journal: Pharmaceutical Development And Technology, Volume 23, Issue 9, Nov 2018
Phosphine-borane complexes are recently developed redox-active drugs that are neuroprotective in models of optic nerve injury and radioprotective in endothelial cells. However, a single dose of these compounds is short-lived, necessitating the development of sustained-release formulations of these novel molecules. We screened a library of biodegradable co- and non-block polyester polymer systems for release of incorporated phosphine-borane complexes to evaluate them as drug delivery systems for use in chronic disease. Bis(3-propionic acid methyl ester)phenylphosphine borane complex (PB1) was combined with biodegradable polymers based on poly(D,L-lactide) (PDLLA), poly(L-lactide) (PLLA), poly(caprolactone) (PCL), poly(lactide-co-glycide) (PLGA), or poly(dioxanone-co-caprolactone) (PDOCL) to make polymer microdiscs, and release over time quantified. Of 22 polymer-PB1 formulations tested, 17 formed rigid polymers. Rates of release differed significantly based on the chemical structure of the polymer. PB1 released from PLGA microdiscs released most slowly, with the most linear release in polymers of 60:40 LA:GA, acid endcap, Mn 15 000-25 000 and 75:25 LA:GA, acid endcap, Mn 45 000-55 000. Biodegradable polymer systems can, therefore, be used to produce sustained-release formulations for redox-active phosphine-borane complexes, with PLGA-based systems most suitable for very slow release. The sustained release could enable translation to a clinical neuroprotective strategy for chronic diseases such as glaucoma.