Diabetic Eye Screening: Knowledge and Perspectives from Providers and Patients.

PubMed ID: 28856510

Author(s): Liu Y, Swearingen R. Diabetic eye screening: knowledge and perspectives from providers and patients. Curr Diab Rep. 2017 Aug 31;17(10):94. doi: 10.1007/s11892-017-0911-2. Review. PMID 28856510

Journal: Current Diabetes Reports, Volume 17, Issue 10, Aug 2017

PURPOSE OF REVIEW Diabetic retinopathy remains the leading cause of blindness among working-age US adults even though timely screening and treatment prevent 90% of blindness. We summarize current knowledge and perspectives to better understand why diabetic eye screening rates remain low and future directions towards preventing blindness from diabetes.

RECENT FINDINGS Significant advancements in the past 10 years include primary care and patient-oriented interventions as well as the use of teleophthalmology. In England, diabetic eye disease is no longer the leading cause of certifiable blindness following the implementation of a national teleophthalmology program for diabetic retinopathy. Multiple workflow and systems-level barriers affect providers. Patient barriers include a limited understanding of screening and lack of access to care. Interventions have been developed, but new barriers exist towards sustaining their impact. More research is needed to identify and implement the best practices to increase diabetic eye screening rates long-term.